jQuery-如何使用元素的HTML获取所有样式/CSS(定义在内部/外部文档中)

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我知道这$("#divId").html()会给我innerHtml。我也需要它的样式(可以用类的方法来定义),或者是在线style属性,或者是在一个单独的<style>标签中的所有样式/类。

可能吗?

如果html是<div id="testDiv">cfwcvb</div>#testDiv,外部样式表中定义的css类一样?

这是我的HTML

<div id="divId">
    <span class="someClass">Some innerText</span>
</div>

样式在单独的样式表或头部样式中定义。

#divId {
    clear: both;
    padding: 3px;
    border: 2px dotted #CCC;
    font-size: 107%;
    line-height: 130%;
    width: 660px;
}
.someClass {
    color: blue;
}

然后,当我尝试获取内部的HTML $("#divId").html()或调用任何其他自定义函数,我需要像下面的东西

<style>
#divId {
    clear: both;
    padding: 3px;
    border: 2px dotted #CCC;
    font-size: 107%;
    line-height: 130%;
    width: 660px;
}
.someClass {
    color: blue;
}
</style>

<div id="divId">
    <span class="someClass">Some innerText</span>
</div>

我跑到下面的代码在Chrome的调试工具命令窗口为这个页面本身,这是我所看到的TypeError: Cannot read property 'rules' of undefined

function getElementChildrenAndStyles(selector) {
  var html = $(selector).get(0).outerHTML;

  selector = selector.split(",").map(function(subselector){
    return subselector + "," + subselector + " *";
  }).join(",");
  elts = $(selector);

  var rulesUsed = [];
  // main part: walking through all declared style rules
  // and checking, whether it is applied to some element
  sheets = document.styleSheets;
  for(var c = 0; c < sheets.length; c++) {
    var rules = sheets[i].rules || sheets[i].cssRules;
    for(var r = 0; r < rules.length; r++) {
      var selectorText = rules[r].selectorText;
      var matchedElts = $(selectorText);
      for (var i = 0; i < elts.length; i++) {
        if (matchedElts.index(elts[i]) != -1) {
          rulesUsed.push(CSSrule); break;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  var style = rulesUsed.map(function(cssRule){
    if ($.browser.msie) {
      var cssText = cssRule.style.cssText.toLowerCase();
    } else {
      var cssText = cssRule.cssText;
    }
    // some beautifying of css
    return cssText.replace(/(\{|;)\s+/g, "\$1\n  ").replace(/\A\s+}/, "}");
    //                 set indent for css here ^ 
  }).join("\n");
  return "<style>\n" + style + "\n</style>\n\n" + html;
};
getElementChildrenAndStyles(".post-text:first");
提问于
用户回答回答于

CSSOM,样式表应该来自同一来源。

function getElementChildrenAndStyles(selector) {
  var html = $(selector).outerHTML();

  selector = selector.split(",").map(function(subselector){
    return subselector + "," + subselector + " *";
  }).join(",");
  elts = $(selector);

  var rulesUsed = [];
  // main part: walking through all declared style rules
  // and checking, whether it is applied to some element
  sheets = document.styleSheets;
  for(var c = 0; c < sheets.length; c++) {
    var rules = sheets[c].rules || sheets[c].cssRules;
    for(var r = 0; r < rules.length; r++) {
      var selectorText = rules[r].selectorText;
      var matchedElts = $(selectorText);
      for (var i = 0; i < elts.length; i++) {
        if (matchedElts.index(elts[i]) != -1) {
          rulesUsed.push(rules[r]); break;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  var style = rulesUsed.map(function(cssRule){
    if (cssRule.style) {
      var cssText = cssRule.style.cssText.toLowerCase();
    } else {
      var cssText = cssRule.cssText;
    }
    // some beautifying of css
    return cssText.replace(/(\{|;)\s+/g, "\$1\n  ").replace(/\A\s+}/, "}");
    //                 set indent for css here ^ 
  }).join("\n");
  return "<style>\n" + style + "\n</style>\n\n" + html;
}

用法:

getElementChildrenAndStyles("#divId");
用户回答回答于

没有jQuery和IE支持,这就是我所能做的:

<!doctype html>

<html>
    <head>
        <meta charset = "utf-8">

        <script type = "text/javascript">
            Element.prototype.getStyles = function () {
                var array = {};
                var styles = window.getComputedStyle (this, null);

                for (var i = 0; i < styles.length; i ++) {
                    var style = styles[i];

                    array[style] = styles[style];
                }

                return array; // return new Array (array, this.innerHTML); You can also return the HTMl content. I don't think its necessary
            }

            window.addEventListener ("load", function () {
                var divId = document.getElementById ("divId");
                var someClass = document.getElementsByClassName ("someClass");

                var string = "";
                var styles = divId.getStyles ();

                for (var i in styles) {
                    string += i + ": " + styles[i] + "\n";
                }

                alert (string);
                alert ("In-line style: Height ->" + styles["height"] + "\n" + "Out-line style: Width ->" + styles["width"])
                alert ("HTML: " + divId.innerHTML);

                // Same thing with the span element
            }, false);
        </script>

        <style>
            #divId {
                clear: both;
                padding: 3px;
                border: 2px dotted #CCC;
                font-size: 107%;
                line-height: 130%;
                width: 660px;
            }
            .someClass {
                color: blue;
            }
        </style>

        <title>Test</title>
    </head>

    <body>
        <div id = "divId" style = "height: 100px">
            <span class = "someClass">Some innerText</span>
        </div>
    </body>
</html>

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