如何将JSON字符串转换为字典?

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我想在我的快速项目中创建一个函数,将字符串转换为Dicaryjson格式,但我有一个错误:

Cannot convert expression's type (@lvalue NSData,options:IntegerLitralConvertible ...

这是我的代码:

func convertStringToDictionary (text:String) -> Dictionary<String,String> {

    var data :NSData = text.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding)!
    var json :Dictionary = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options:0, error: nil)
    return json
} 

我在Objective-C中写了这个函数:

- (NSDictionary*)convertStringToDictionary:(NSString*)string {
  NSError* error;
  //giving error as it takes dic, array,etc only. not custom object.
  NSData *data = [string dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
  id json = [NSJSONSerialization JSONObjectWithData:data options:0 error:&error];
  return json;
}
提问于
用户回答回答于

SWIFT 3

func convertToDictionary(text: String) -> [String: Any]? {
    if let data = text.data(using: .utf8) {
        do {
            return try JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: data, options: []) as? [String: Any]
        } catch {
            print(error.localizedDescription)
        }
    }
    return nil
}

let str = "{\"name\":\"James\"}"

let dict = convertToDictionary(text: str)

SWIFT 2

func convertStringToDictionary(text: String) -> [String:AnyObject]? {
    if let data = text.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding) {
        do {
            return try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options: []) as? [String:AnyObject]
        } catch let error as NSError {
            print(error)
        }
    }
    return nil
}

let str = "{\"name\":\"James\"}"

let result = convertStringToDictionary(str)

SWIFT 1:

func convertStringToDictionary(text: String) -> [String:String]? {
    if let data = text.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding) {
        var error: NSError?
        let json = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options: NSJSONReadingOptions.allZeros, error: &error) as? [String:String]
        if error != nil {
            println(error)
        }
        return json
    }
    return nil
}

let str = "{\"name\":\"James\"}"

let result = convertStringToDictionary(str) // ["name": "James"]

if let name = result?["name"] { // The `?` is here because our `convertStringToDictionary` function returns an Optional
    println(name) // "James"
}
用户回答回答于

SWIFT 2:

func convertStringToDictionary(text: String) -> [String:AnyObject]? {
    if let data = text.dataUsingEncoding(NSUTF8StringEncoding) {
        do {
            let json = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options: .MutableContainers) as? [String:AnyObject]
            return json
        } catch {
            print("Something went wrong")
        }
    }
    return nil
}

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