如何继承Python类继承中的docstrings?

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对于继承的类,我希望它:

  • 继承基类docstring
  • 可能会在文档字符串中附加相关的额外文档

在类继承情况下是否有任何方式来处理这种类型的文档字符串操作?

提问于
用户回答回答于

你可以这样轻松地连接文档字符串:

class Foo(object):
    """
    Foo Class.
    This class foos around.
    """
    pass

class Bar(Foo):
    """
    Bar class, children of Foo
    Use this when you want to Bar around.
    parent:
    """ 
    __doc__ += Foo.__doc__
    pass
用户回答回答于

之前也有人是这样的问题,你试试下面的代码吧:

"""
doc_inherit decorator

Usage:

class Foo(object):
    def foo(self):
        "Frobber"
        pass

class Bar(Foo):
    @doc_inherit
    def foo(self):
        pass 

Now, Bar.foo.__doc__ == Bar().foo.__doc__ == Foo.foo.__doc__ == "Frobber"
"""

from functools import wraps

class DocInherit(object):
    """
    Docstring inheriting method descriptor

    The class itself is also used as a decorator
    """

    def __init__(self, mthd):
        self.mthd = mthd
        self.name = mthd.__name__

    def __get__(self, obj, cls):
        if obj:
            return self.get_with_inst(obj, cls)
        else:
            return self.get_no_inst(cls)

    def get_with_inst(self, obj, cls):

        overridden = getattr(super(cls, obj), self.name, None)

        @wraps(self.mthd, assigned=('__name__','__module__'))
        def f(*args, **kwargs):
            return self.mthd(obj, *args, **kwargs)

        return self.use_parent_doc(f, overridden)

    def get_no_inst(self, cls):

        for parent in cls.__mro__[1:]:
            overridden = getattr(parent, self.name, None)
            if overridden: break

        @wraps(self.mthd, assigned=('__name__','__module__'))
        def f(*args, **kwargs):
            return self.mthd(*args, **kwargs)

        return self.use_parent_doc(f, overridden)

    def use_parent_doc(self, func, source):
        if source is None:
            raise NameError, ("Can't find '%s' in parents"%self.name)
        func.__doc__ = source.__doc__
        return func

doc_inherit = DocInherit 

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