在javascript/Browser中缓存jQueryAjax响应

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我想在javascript/Browser中启用Ajax响应的缓存。

我想把$.ajax({...})调用我的初始化函数,其中一些请求相同的url。有时我需要调用这些初始化函数的一个,有时调用多个。

因此,如果已经加载了特定的url,我希望最小化对服务器的请求。

我想知道是否有一种标准的方法来做到这一点。

提问于
用户回答回答于

cache:true只适用于GET和Head请求。

你使用以下内容来滚动你自己的解决方案:

var localCache = {
    data: {},
    remove: function (url) {
        delete localCache.data[url];
    },
    exist: function (url) {
        return localCache.data.hasOwnProperty(url) && localCache.data[url] !== null;
    },
    get: function (url) {
        console.log('Getting in cache for url' + url);
        return localCache.data[url];
    },
    set: function (url, cachedData, callback) {
        localCache.remove(url);
        localCache.data[url] = cachedData;
        if ($.isFunction(callback)) callback(cachedData);
    }
};

$(function () {
    var url = '/echo/jsonp/';
    $('#ajaxButton').click(function (e) {
        $.ajax({
            url: url,
            data: {
                test: 'value'
            },
            cache: true,
            beforeSend: function () {
                if (localCache.exist(url)) {
                    doSomething(localCache.get(url));
                    return false;
                }
                return true;
            },
            complete: function (jqXHR, textStatus) {
                localCache.set(url, jqXHR, doSomething);
            }
        });
    });
});

function doSomething(data) {
    console.log(data);
}

对于那些想要管理超时缓存的人来说,这里有一个更好的答案,现在只是设置{cache: true}足以正确处理缓存:

var localCache = {
    /**
     * timeout for cache in millis
     * @type {number}
     */
    timeout: 30000,
    /** 
     * @type {{_: number, data: {}}}
     **/
    data: {},
    remove: function (url) {
        delete localCache.data[url];
    },
    exist: function (url) {
        return !!localCache.data[url] && ((new Date().getTime() - localCache.data[url]._) < localCache.timeout);
    },
    get: function (url) {
        console.log('Getting in cache for url' + url);
        return localCache.data[url].data;
    },
    set: function (url, cachedData, callback) {
        localCache.remove(url);
        localCache.data[url] = {
            _: new Date().getTime(),
            data: cachedData
        };
        if ($.isFunction(callback)) callback(cachedData);
    }
};

$.ajaxPrefilter(function (options, originalOptions, jqXHR) {
    if (options.cache) {
        var complete = originalOptions.complete || $.noop,
            url = originalOptions.url;
        //remove jQuery cache as we have our own localCache
        options.cache = false;
        options.beforeSend = function () {
            if (localCache.exist(url)) {
                complete(localCache.get(url));
                return false;
            }
            return true;
        };
        options.complete = function (data, textStatus) {
            localCache.set(url, data, complete);
        };
    }
});

$(function () {
    var url = '/echo/jsonp/';
    $('#ajaxButton').click(function (e) {
        $.ajax({
            url: url,
            data: {
                test: 'value'
            },
            cache: true,
            complete: doSomething
        });
    });
});

function doSomething(data) {
    console.log(data);
}

下面是一个可以工作但有缺陷的实现,用于延迟执行:

var localCache = {
    /**
     * timeout for cache in millis
     * @type {number}
     */
    timeout: 30000,
    /** 
     * @type {{_: number, data: {}}}
     **/
    data: {},
    remove: function (url) {
        delete localCache.data[url];
    },
    exist: function (url) {
        return !!localCache.data[url] && ((new Date().getTime() - localCache.data[url]._) < localCache.timeout);
    },
    get: function (url) {
        console.log('Getting in cache for url' + url);
        return localCache.data[url].data;
    },
    set: function (url, cachedData, callback) {
        localCache.remove(url);
        localCache.data[url] = {
            _: new Date().getTime(),
            data: cachedData
        };
        if ($.isFunction(callback)) callback(cachedData);
    }
};

$.ajaxPrefilter(function (options, originalOptions, jqXHR) {
    if (options.cache) {
        //Here is our identifier for the cache. Maybe have a better, safer ID (it depends on the object string representation here) ?
        // on $.ajax call we could also set an ID in originalOptions
        var id = originalOptions.url+ JSON.stringify(originalOptions.data);
        options.cache = false;
        options.beforeSend = function () {
            if (!localCache.exist(id)) {
                jqXHR.promise().done(function (data, textStatus) {
                    localCache.set(id, data);
                });
            }
            return true;
        };

    }
});

$.ajaxTransport("+*", function (options, originalOptions, jqXHR, headers, completeCallback) {

    //same here, careful because options.url has already been through jQuery processing
    var id = originalOptions.url+ JSON.stringify(originalOptions.data);

    options.cache = false;

    if (localCache.exist(id)) {
        return {
            send: function (headers, completeCallback) {
                completeCallback(200, "OK", localCache.get(id));
            },
            abort: function () {
                /* abort code, nothing needed here I guess... */
            }
        };
    }
});

$(function () {
    var url = '/echo/jsonp/';
    $('#ajaxButton').click(function (e) {
        $.ajax({
            url: url,
            data: {
                test: 'value'
            },
            cache: true
        }).done(function (data, status, jq) {
            console.debug({
                data: data,
                status: status,
                jqXHR: jq
            });
        });
    });
});
用户回答回答于

我发现localStorage是缓存ajax调用返回的数据的另一种方法。所以,我创建了一个演示,使用localStorage它可以帮助其他想要使用localStorage而不是localCache缓存的人。

Ajax调用:

$.ajax({
    type: "POST",
    dataType: 'json',
    contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
    url: url,
    data: '{"Id":"' + Id + '"}',
    cache: true, //It must "true" if you want to cache else "false"
    //async: false,
    success: function (data) {
        var resData = JSON.parse(data);
        var Info = resData.Info;
        if (Info) {
            customerName = Info.FirstName;
        }
    },
    error: function (xhr, textStatus, error) {
        alert("Error Happened!");
    }
});

将数据存储到localStorage中:

$.ajaxPrefilter(function (options, originalOptions, jqXHR) {
if (options.cache) {
    var success = originalOptions.success || $.noop,
        url = originalOptions.url;

    options.cache = false; //remove jQuery cache as we have our own localStorage
    options.beforeSend = function () {
        if (localStorage.getItem(url)) {
            success(localStorage.getItem(url));
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    };
    options.success = function (data, textStatus) {
        var responseData = JSON.stringify(data.responseJSON);
        localStorage.setItem(url, responseData);
        if ($.isFunction(success)) success(responseJSON); //call back to original ajax call
    };
}
});

如果你想要删除localStorage,请使用以下语句:

localStorage.removeItem("Info");

希望它可以帮助别人!

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