如何从Java中的索引获取枚举值?

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我在Java中有一个枚举:

public enum Months
{
    JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC
}

我想通过索引访问枚举值,例如

Months(1) = JAN;
Months(2) = FEB;
...

我该怎么做?

提问于
用户回答回答于
用户回答回答于

有三种方法可以做到这一点。

public enum Months {
    JAN(1), FEB(2), MAR(3), APR(4), MAY(5), JUN(6), JUL(7), AUG(8), SEP(9), OCT(10), NOV(11), DEC(12);


    int monthOrdinal = 0;

    Months(int ord) {
        this.monthOrdinal = ord;
    }

    public static Months byOrdinal2ndWay(int ord) {
        return Months.values()[ord-1]; // less safe
    }

    public static Months byOrdinal(int ord) {
        for (Months m : Months.values()) {
            if (m.monthOrdinal == ord) {
                return m;
            }
        }
        return null;
    }
    public static Months[] MONTHS_INDEXED = new Months[] { null, JAN, FEB, MAR, APR, MAY, JUN, JUL, AUG, SEP, OCT, NOV, DEC };

}




import static junit.framework.Assert.assertEquals;

import org.junit.Test;

public class MonthsTest {

@Test
public void test_indexed_access() {
    assertEquals(Months.MONTHS_INDEXED[1], Months.JAN);
    assertEquals(Months.MONTHS_INDEXED[2], Months.FEB);

    assertEquals(Months.byOrdinal(1), Months.JAN);
    assertEquals(Months.byOrdinal(2), Months.FEB);


    assertEquals(Months.byOrdinal2ndWay(1), Months.JAN);
    assertEquals(Months.byOrdinal2ndWay(2), Months.FEB);
}

}

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