如何检查URL是否存在或使用Java返回404?

内容来源于 Stack Overflow,并遵循CC BY-SA 3.0许可协议进行翻译与使用

  • 回答 (2)
  • 关注 (0)
  • 查看 (419)
String urlString = "http://www.nbc.com/Heroes/novels/downloads/Heroes_novel_001.pdf";
URL url = new URL(urlString);
if(/* Url does not return 404 */) {
    System.out.println("exists");
} else {
    System.out.println("does not exists");
}
urlString = "http://www.nbc.com/Heroes/novels/downloads/Heroes_novel_190.pdf";
url = new URL(urlString);
if(/* Url does not return 404 */) {
    System.out.println("exists");
} else {
    System.out.println("does not exists");
}

这应该打印

exists
does not exists

测试

public static String URL = "http://www.nbc.com/Heroes/novels/downloads/";

public static int getResponseCode(String urlString) throws MalformedURLException, IOException {
    URL u = new URL(urlString); 
    HttpURLConnection huc =  (HttpURLConnection)  u.openConnection(); 
    huc.setRequestMethod("GET"); 
    huc.connect(); 
    return huc.getResponseCode();
}

System.out.println(getResponseCode(URL + "Heroes_novel_001.pdf")); 
System.out.println(getResponseCode(URL + "Heroes_novel_190.pdf"));   
System.out.println(getResponseCode("http://www.example.com")); 
System.out.println(getResponseCode("http://www.example.com/junk"));           

输出

200 200 200 404

在.connect()之前添加下一行,输出将是200,404,200,404

huc.setRequestProperty("User-Agent", "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 6.0; en-US; rv:1.9.1.2) Gecko/20090729 Firefox/3.5.2 (.NET CLR 3.5.30729)");
提问于
用户回答回答于

这对我有用:

URL u = new URL ( "http://www.example.com/");
HttpURLConnection huc =  ( HttpURLConnection )  u.openConnection (); 
huc.setRequestMethod ("GET");  //OR  huc.setRequestMethod ("HEAD"); 
huc.connect () ; 
int code = huc.getResponseCode() ;
System.out.println(code);
用户回答回答于

你可能想要添加

HttpURLConnection.setFollowRedirects(false);
// note : or
//        huc.setInstanceFollowRedirects(false)

如果你不想遵循重定向(3XX)

而不是做一个“GET”,一个“头”是你所需要的。

huc.setRequestMethod("HEAD");
return (huc.getResponseCode() == HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK);

扫码关注云+社区

领取腾讯云代金券