在JavaScript中重载算术运算符?

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考虑到JavaScript的“class”定义,这是我可以想到的解释这个问题的最佳方式:

var Quota = function(hours, minutes, seconds){
    if (arguments.length === 3) {
        this.hours = hours;
        this.minutes = minutes;
        this.seconds = seconds;

        this.totalMilliseconds = Math.floor((hours * 3600000)) + Math.floor((minutes * 60000)) + Math.floor((seconds * 1000));
    }
    else if (arguments.length === 1) {
        this.totalMilliseconds = hours;

        this.hours = Math.floor(this.totalMilliseconds / 3600000);
        this.minutes = Math.floor((this.totalMilliseconds % 3600000) / 60000);
        this.seconds = Math.floor(((this.totalMilliseconds % 3600000) % 60000) / 1000);
    }

    this.padL = function(val){
        return (val.toString().length === 1) ? "0" + val : val;
    };

    this.toString = function(){
        return this.padL(this.hours) + ":" + this.padL(this.minutes) + ":" + this.padL(this.seconds);
    };

    this.valueOf = function(){
        return this.totalMilliseconds;
    };
};

和以下测试设置代码:

var q1 = new Quota(23, 58, 50);
var q2 = new Quota(0, 1, 0);
var q3 = new Quota(0, 0, 10);

console.log("Quota 01 is " + q1.toString());    // Prints "Quota 01 is 23:58:50"
console.log("Quota 02 is " + q2.toString());    // Prints "Quota 02 is 00:01:00"
console.log("Quota 03 is " + q3.toString());    // Prints "Quota 03 is 00:00:10"

有没有什么方法使用加法运算符隐式创建q4Quota对象,如下所示...

var q4 = q1 + q2 + q3;
console.log("Quota 04 is " + q4.toString());    // Prints "Quota 04 is 86400000"

而不是诉诸于......

var q4 = new Quota(q1 + q2 + q3);
console.log("Quota 04 is " + q4.toString());    // Prints "Quota 04 is 24:00:00"

如果不是这方面的最佳做法建议是什么,可以通过算术运算符将自定义数字JavaScript对象组合在一起?

提问于
用户回答回答于

据我所知,Javascript(至少现在存在)不支持运算符重载。

我可以建议的最好的方法是从其他几个人制作新的配额对象。下面是我的意思的一个简单例子:

// define an example "class"
var NumClass = function(value){
    this.value = value;
}
NumClass.prototype.toInteger = function(){
    return this.value;
}

// Add a static method that creates a new object from several others
NumClass.createFromObjects = function(){
    var newValue = 0;
    for (var i=0; i<arguments.length; i++){
        newValue += arguments[i].toInteger();
    }
    return new this(newValue)
}

并像这样使用它:

var n1 = new NumClass(1);
var n2 = new NumClass(2);
var n3 = new NumClass(3);

var combined = NumClass.createFromObjects(n1, n2, n3);
用户回答回答于

如果您安排了返回值,则可以使用方法链接

var q4 = q1.plus(p2).plus(q3);

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