Android如何将参数传递给Activity中的Service?

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我通过这种方式绑定到服务:

ListenLocationService mService;
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        ...
        Intent intent = new Intent(this, ListenLocationService.class);
        intent.putExtra("From", "Main");
        bindService(intent, mConnection, Context.BIND_AUTO_CREATE);
        ...
}

private ServiceConnection mConnection = new ServiceConnection() {

        public void onServiceConnected(ComponentName className,
                IBinder service) {
            LocalBinder binder = (LocalBinder) service;
            mService = binder.getService();         
        }

        public void onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName arg0) {
        }
    };

这是onBind我的服务的方法:

@Override
public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
    Bundle extras = intent.getExtras(); 
    if(extras == null)
        Log.d("Service","null");
    else
    {
        Log.d("Service","not null");
        String from = (String) extras.get("From");
        if(from.equalsIgnoreCase("Main"))
            StartListenLocation();
    }
    return mBinder;
}

提问于
用户回答回答于

创建一个接口,声明你想从一个Activity调用的所有方法签名:

public interface ILocationService {
  public void StartListenLocation(Location location);
}

2让你的活页夹实现ILocaionService并定义实际的方法体:

public class MyBinder extends Binder implements ILocationService {
  ... ...

  public void StartListenLocation(Location location) {
    // implement your method properly
  }

  ... ...
}

3在绑定到服务的活动中,通过界面引用你的活页夹:

... ...

ILocationService mService; // communication is handled via Binder not the actual service class.

private ServiceConnection mConnection = new ServiceConnection() {

  public void onServiceConnected(ComponentName className, IBinder service) {
    mService = (ILocationService) service;     
  }

  ... ...
};

... ...

// At some point if you need call service method with parameter:
Location location = new Location();
mService.StartListenLocation(location);

用户回答回答于

你可以通过以下简单的方式传递参数: -

Intent serviceIntent = new Intent(this,ListenLocationService.class); 
   serviceIntent.putExtra("From", "Main");
   startService(serviceIntent);

并获取你的服务类的onStart方法中的参数:

    @Override
public void onStart(Intent intent, int startId) {
    super.onStart(intent, startId);
     Bundle extras = intent.getExtras(); 
if(extras == null)
    Log.d("Service","null");
else
{
    Log.d("Service","not null");
    String from = (String) extras.get("From");
    if(from.equalsIgnoreCase("Main"))
        StartListenLocation();
}

}

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