如何通过反射获得所有类型的常量?

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如何使用反射获取任何类型的所有常量?

提问于
用户回答回答于

虽然这是个老代码:

private FieldInfo[] GetConstants(System.Type type)
{
    ArrayList constants = new ArrayList();

    FieldInfo[] fieldInfos = type.GetFields(
        // Gets all public and static fields

        BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Static | 
        // This tells it to get the fields from all base types as well

        BindingFlags.FlattenHierarchy);

    // Go through the list and only pick out the constants
    foreach(FieldInfo fi in fieldInfos)
        // IsLiteral determines if its value is written at 
        //   compile time and not changeable
        // IsInitOnly determine if the field can be set 
        //   in the body of the constructor
        // for C# a field which is readonly keyword would have both true 
        //   but a const field would have only IsLiteral equal to true
        if(fi.IsLiteral && !fi.IsInitOnly)
            constants.Add(fi);           

    // Return an array of FieldInfos
    return (FieldInfo[])constants.ToArray(typeof(FieldInfo));
}

你可以使用泛型和LINQ轻松地将其转换为更干净的代码:

private List<FieldInfo> GetConstants(Type type)
{
    FieldInfo[] fieldInfos = type.GetFields(BindingFlags.Public |
         BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.FlattenHierarchy);

    return fieldInfos.Where(fi => fi.IsLiteral && !fi.IsInitOnly).ToList();
}

或者用一行:

type.GetFields(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Static |
               BindingFlags.FlattenHierarchy)
    .Where(fi => fi.IsLiteral && !fi.IsInitOnly).ToList();
用户回答回答于

从目标类型中,有一个扩展方法(扩展本页中的一些答案):

public static class TypeUtilities
{
    public static List<T> GetAllPublicConstantValues<T>(this Type type)
    {
        return type
            .GetFields(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.FlattenHierarchy)
            .Where(fi => fi.IsLiteral && !fi.IsInitOnly && fi.FieldType == typeof(T))
            .Select(x => (T)x.GetRawConstantValue())
            .ToList();
    }
}

那么对于这样一个类

static class MyFruitKeys
{
    public const string Apple = "apple";
    public const string Plum = "plum";
    public const string Peach = "peach";
    public const int WillNotBeIncluded = -1;
}

你可以获得string常量值如下:

List<string> result = typeof(MyFruitKeys).GetAllPublicConstantValues<string>();
//result[0] == "apple"
//result[1] == "plum"
//result[2] == "peach"

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