Android片段生命周期的方向变化是怎样的?

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来自方向更改的日志很奇怪,并且多次调用片段OnCreateView:

方向更改后日志如下所示:

Initial creation
12-04 11:57:15.808: D/FragmentTest.FragmentTestActivity(3143): onCreate
12-04 11:57:15.945: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): OnCreateView
12-04 11:57:16.081: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): OnCreateView->SavedInstanceState null


Orientation Change 1
12-04 11:57:39.031: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): onSaveInstanceState
12-04 11:57:39.031: D/FragmentTest.FragmentTestActivity(3143): onCreate
12-04 11:57:39.031: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): OnCreateView
12-04 11:57:39.031: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): OnCreateView->SavedInstanceState not null
12-04 11:57:39.031: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): OnCreateView
12-04 11:57:39.167: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): OnCreateView->SavedInstanceState null


Orientation Change 2
12-04 11:58:32.162: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): onSaveInstanceState
12-04 11:58:32.162: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): onSaveInstanceState
12-04 11:58:32.361: D/FragmentTest.FragmentTestActivity(3143): onCreate
12-04 11:58:32.361: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): OnCreateView
12-04 11:58:32.361: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): OnCreateView->SavedInstanceState not null
12-04 11:58:32.361: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): OnCreateView
12-04 11:58:32.361: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): OnCreateView->SavedInstanceState not null
12-04 11:58:32.498: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): OnCreateView
12-04 11:58:32.498: D/FragmentTest.FragmentOne(3143): OnCreateView->SavedInstanceState null

主要活动(FragmentActivity):

public class FragmentTestActivity extends FragmentActivity {
/** Called when the activity is first created. */

private static final String TAG = "FragmentTest.FragmentTestActivity";


FragmentManager mFragmentManager;

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.main);

    Log.d(TAG, "onCreate");

    mFragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
    FragmentTransaction fragmentTransaction = mFragmentManager.beginTransaction();

    FragmentOne fragment = new FragmentOne();

    fragmentTransaction.add(R.id.fragment_container, fragment);
    fragmentTransaction.commit();
}

和片段:

public class FragmentOne extends Fragment {

private static final String TAG = "FragmentTest.FragmentOne";

EditText mEditText;

@Override
public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
        Bundle savedInstanceState) {

    Log.d(TAG, "OnCreateView");

    View v = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragmentonelayout, container, false);

    // Retrieve the text editor, and restore the last saved state if needed.
    mEditText = (EditText)v.findViewById(R.id.editText1);

    if (savedInstanceState != null) {

        Log.d(TAG, "OnCreateView->SavedInstanceState not null");

        mEditText.setText(savedInstanceState.getCharSequence("text"));
    }
    else {
        Log.d(TAG,"OnCreateView->SavedInstanceState null");
    }
    return v;
}

@Override
public void onSaveInstanceState(Bundle outState) {
    super.onSaveInstanceState(outState);

    Log.d(TAG, "FragmentOne.onSaveInstanceState");

    // Remember the current text, to restore if we later restart.
    outState.putCharSequence("text", mEditText.getText());
}

我的输出:

<uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="8" />

<application
    android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
    android:label="@string/app_name" >
    <activity
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:name=".activities.FragmentTestActivity" 
        android:configChanges="orientation">
        <intent-filter >
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
        </intent-filter>
    </activity>
</application>
提问于
用户回答回答于

你可以停止使用相同片段发生的错误,而不是重新创建新片段。只需添加以下代码:

if (savedInstanceState == null) {
    // only create fragment if activity is started for the first time
    mFragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
    FragmentTransaction fragmentTransaction = mFragmentManager.beginTransaction();

    FragmentOne fragment = new FragmentOne();

    fragmentTransaction.add(R.id.fragment_container, fragment);
    fragmentTransaction.commit();
} else {        
    // do nothing - fragment is recreated automatically
}

用户回答回答于

解决这个问题的方法是首先检查Fragment返回堆栈是否已经被填充,并且只有在没有以下情况下才创建新的fragment实例:

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

        ...    

    FragmentOne fragment = (FragmentOne) mFragmentManager.findFragmentById(R.id.fragment_container); 

    if (fragment == null) {
        FragmentTransaction fragmentTransaction = mFragmentManager.beginTransaction();
        fragmentTransaction.add(R.id.fragment_container, new FragmentOne());
        fragmentTransaction.commit();
    }
}

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