根据类标签的Matplotlib颜色

内容来源于 Stack Overflow,并遵循CC BY-SA 3.0许可协议进行翻译与使用

  • 回答 (2)
  • 关注 (0)
  • 查看 (18)

我有两个向量,一个有值,一个有类标签,比如1,2,3等等。

我想把所有的点都画成红色的1级,蓝色的2级,绿色的3级等等。我该怎么做?

提问于
用户回答回答于

假设您的数据位于2d数组中,这应该可以工作:

import numpy
import pylab
xy = numpy.zeros((2, 1000))
xy[0] = range(1000)
xy[1] = range(1000)
colors = [int(i % 23) for i in xy[0]]
pylab.scatter(xy[0], xy[1], c=colors)
pylab.show()

还可以设置cmap属性来控制哪些颜色将通过使用颜色映射出现;即替换pylab.scatter与:

pylab.scatter(xy[0], xy[1], c=colors, cmap=pylab.cm.cool)

可以找到彩色地图的列表。这里

用户回答回答于

import matplotlib
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

x = [4,8,12,16,1,4,9,16]
y = [1,4,9,16,4,8,12,3]
label = [0,1,2,3,0,1,2,3]
colors = ['red','green','blue','purple']

fig = plt.figure(figsize=(8,8))
plt.scatter(x, y, c=label, cmap=matplotlib.colors.ListedColormap(colors))

cb = plt.colorbar()
loc = np.arange(0,max(label),max(label)/float(len(colors)))
cb.set_ticks(loc)
cb.set_ticklabels(colors)

可以概括如下:

import numpy as np
import matplotlib as mpl
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

N = 23 # Number of labels

# setup the plot
fig, ax = plt.subplots(1,1, figsize=(6,6))
# define the data
x = np.random.rand(1000)
y = np.random.rand(1000)
tag = np.random.randint(0,N,1000) # Tag each point with a corresponding label    

# define the colormap
cmap = plt.cm.jet
# extract all colors from the .jet map
cmaplist = [cmap(i) for i in range(cmap.N)]
# create the new map
cmap = cmap.from_list('Custom cmap', cmaplist, cmap.N)

# define the bins and normalize
bounds = np.linspace(0,N,N+1)
norm = mpl.colors.BoundaryNorm(bounds, cmap.N)

# make the scatter
scat = ax.scatter(x,y,c=tag,s=np.random.randint(100,500,N),cmap=cmap,     norm=norm)
# create the colorbar
cb = plt.colorbar(scat, spacing='proportional',ticks=bounds)
cb.set_label('Custom cbar')
ax.set_title('Discrete color mappings')
plt.show()

这意味着:

扫码关注云+社区