使用SWIFT键盘移动视图?

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我有一个应用程序,在视图的下半部分有一个文本字段。这意味着当我输入文本字段时,键盘将覆盖文本字段。

我如何在输入时向上移动视图,这样我就可以看到我正在输入的内容,然后在键盘消失时将其移回原来的位置?

我到处都找过了,但所有的解决方案似乎都在Obj-C中,我还不能完全转换。

提问于
用户回答回答于

这里有一个解决方案,无需处理从一个textField切换到另一个文本字段:

 override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()
        NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().addObserver(self, selector: Selector("keyboardWillShow:"), name: UIKeyboardWillShowNotification, object: nil)
        NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().addObserver(self, selector: Selector("keyboardWillHide:"), name: UIKeyboardWillHideNotification, object: nil)            
    }   

func keyboardWillShow(notification: NSNotification) {            
    if let keyboardSize = (notification.userInfo?[UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey] as? NSValue)?.CGRectValue() {
        self.view.frame.origin.y -= keyboardSize.height
    }            
}

func keyboardWillHide(notification: NSNotification) {
    if let keyboardSize = (notification.userInfo?[UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey] as? NSValue)?.CGRectValue() {
        self.view.frame.origin.y += keyboardSize.height
    }
}

要解决这一问题,请替换这两个函数。keyboardWillShow/Hide通过这些:

func keyboardWillShow(notification: NSNotification) {        
    if let keyboardSize = (notification.userInfo?[UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey] as? NSValue)?.CGRectValue() {
        if view.frame.origin.y == 0{
            self.view.frame.origin.y -= keyboardSize.height
        }
    }        
}

func keyboardWillHide(notification: NSNotification) {
    if let keyboardSize = (notification.userInfo?[UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey] as? NSValue)?.CGRectValue() {
        if view.frame.origin.y != 0 {
            self.view.frame.origin.y += keyboardSize.height
        }
    }
}

编辑SWIFT 3.0:

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()            
    NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(ViewController.keyboardWillShow), name: NSNotification.Name.UIKeyboardWillShow, object: nil)
    NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(ViewController.keyboardWillHide), name: NSNotification.Name.UIKeyboardWillHide, object: nil)    
}

func keyboardWillShow(notification: NSNotification) {        
    if let keyboardSize = (notification.userInfo?[UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey] as? NSValue)?.cgRectValue {
        if self.view.frame.origin.y == 0{
            self.view.frame.origin.y -= keyboardSize.height
        }
    }        
}

func keyboardWillHide(notification: NSNotification) {
    if let keyboardSize = (notification.userInfo?[UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey] as? NSValue)?.cgRectValue {
        if self.view.frame.origin.y != 0{
            self.view.frame.origin.y += keyboardSize.height
        }
    }
}
用户回答回答于

使用以下代码:

func keyboardWillShow(sender: NSNotification) {
    self.view.frame.origin.y -= 150
}
func keyboardWillHide(sender: NSNotification) {
    self.view.frame.origin.y += 150
}

有一个显而易见的问题,即通过静态金额抵消视图。它在一个设备上看起来不错,但在任何其他尺寸配置上看起来都很糟糕。您需要获取键盘高度并将其用作偏移值。

这是一个适用于所有设备的解决方案,处理用户在输入时隐藏预测文本字段的边缘情况。

下面要注意的是,我们将self.view.window作为我们的对象参数传入。这将为我们提供来自我们键盘的数据,例如其高度!

@IBOutlet weak var messageField: UITextField!

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()

    NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().addObserver(self, selector: Selector("keyboardWillShow:"), name:UIKeyboardWillShowNotification, object: self.view.window)
    NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().addObserver(self, selector: Selector("keyboardWillHide:"), name:UIKeyboardWillHideNotification, object: self.view.window)
}

func keyboardWillHide(sender: NSNotification) {
    let userInfo: [NSObject : AnyObject] = sender.userInfo!
    let keyboardSize: CGSize = userInfo[UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey]!.CGRectValue.size
    self.view.frame.origin.y += keyboardSize.height
}

我们会让它在所有设备上看起来不错,并处理用户添加或删除预测文本字段的情况。

func keyboardWillShow(sender: NSNotification) {
    let userInfo: [NSObject : AnyObject] = sender.userInfo!
    let keyboardSize: CGSize = userInfo[UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey]!.CGRectValue.size
    let offset: CGSize = userInfo[UIKeyboardFrameEndUserInfoKey]!.CGRectValue.size

    if keyboardSize.height == offset.height {
        UIView.animateWithDuration(0.1, animations: { () -> Void in
            self.view.frame.origin.y -= keyboardSize.height
        })
    } else {
        UIView.animateWithDuration(0.1, animations: { () -> Void in
            self.view.frame.origin.y += keyboardSize.height - offset.height
        })
    }
}

删除观察员

在离开视图之前,不要忘记删除观察者,以防止传输不必要的消息。

override func viewWillDisappear(animated: Bool) {
    NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().removeObserver(self, name: UIKeyboardWillShowNotification, object: self.view.window)
    NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().removeObserver(self, name: UIKeyboardWillHideNotification, object: self.view.window)
}

根据评论的问题更新:

如果有两个或更多文本字段,则可以检查view.frame.origin.y是否为零。

func keyboardWillShow(sender: NSNotification) {
    let userInfo: [NSObject : AnyObject] = sender.userInfo!

    let keyboardSize: CGSize = userInfo[UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey]!.CGRectValue.size
    let offset: CGSize = userInfo[UIKeyboardFrameEndUserInfoKey]!.CGRectValue.size

    if keyboardSize.height == offset.height {
        if self.view.frame.origin.y == 0 {
            UIView.animateWithDuration(0.1, animations: { () -> Void in
                self.view.frame.origin.y -= keyboardSize.height
            })
        }
    } else {
        UIView.animateWithDuration(0.1, animations: { () -> Void in
            self.view.frame.origin.y += keyboardSize.height - offset.height
        })
    }
     print(self.view.frame.origin.y)
}

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