在文本文件Java中编写大量数据的最快方法

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我必须在文本[csv]文件中写入大量数据。我使用BufferedWriter写入数据,写入174 MB数据需要大约40秒。这是java可以提供的最快速度吗?

bufferedWriter = new BufferedWriter ( new FileWriter ( "fileName.csv" ) );

注意:这40秒包括迭代和从结果集中获取记录的时间。:)。结果集中174 MB用于400000行。

提问于
用户回答回答于

您可以尝试删除BufferedWriter并直接使用FileWriter。在现代系统中,无论如何,您只需写入驱动器的高速缓存即可。

我需要4-5秒的时间才能编写175MB(400万字符串) - 这是使用80GB,7200转日立磁盘的双核2.4GHz戴尔,运行Windows XP。

你能隔离多少时间记录检索和文件写入多少?

import java.io.BufferedWriter;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.Writer;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class FileWritingPerfTest {


private static final int ITERATIONS = 5;
private static final double MEG = (Math.pow(1024, 2));
private static final int RECORD_COUNT = 4000000;
private static final String RECORD = "Help I am trapped in a fortune cookie factory\n";
private static final int RECSIZE = RECORD.getBytes().length;

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    List<String> records = new ArrayList<String>(RECORD_COUNT);
    int size = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < RECORD_COUNT; i++) {
        records.add(RECORD);
        size += RECSIZE;
    }
    System.out.println(records.size() + " 'records'");
    System.out.println(size / MEG + " MB");

    for (int i = 0; i < ITERATIONS; i++) {
        System.out.println("\nIteration " + i);

        writeRaw(records);
        writeBuffered(records, 8192);
        writeBuffered(records, (int) MEG);
        writeBuffered(records, 4 * (int) MEG);
    }
}

private static void writeRaw(List<String> records) throws IOException {
    File file = File.createTempFile("foo", ".txt");
    try {
        FileWriter writer = new FileWriter(file);
        System.out.print("Writing raw... ");
        write(records, writer);
    } finally {
        // comment this out if you want to inspect the files afterward
        file.delete();
    }
}

private static void writeBuffered(List<String> records, int bufSize) throws IOException {
    File file = File.createTempFile("foo", ".txt");
    try {
        FileWriter writer = new FileWriter(file);
        BufferedWriter bufferedWriter = new BufferedWriter(writer, bufSize);

        System.out.print("Writing buffered (buffer size: " + bufSize + ")... ");
        write(records, bufferedWriter);
    } finally {
        // comment this out if you want to inspect the files afterward
        file.delete();
    }
}

private static void write(List<String> records, Writer writer) throws IOException {
    long start = System.currentTimeMillis();
    for (String record: records) {
        writer.write(record);
    }
    writer.flush();
    writer.close();
    long end = System.currentTimeMillis();
    System.out.println((end - start) / 1000f + " seconds");
}
}
用户回答回答于

尝试内存映射文件(需要300 m / s才能在我的m / c,core 2 duo,2.5GB RAM中写入174MB):

byte[] buffer = "Help I am trapped in a fortune cookie factory\n".getBytes();
int number_of_lines = 400000;

FileChannel rwChannel = new RandomAccessFile("textfile.txt", "rw").getChannel();
ByteBuffer wrBuf = rwChannel.map(FileChannel.MapMode.READ_WRITE, 0, buffer.length * number_of_lines);
for (int i = 0; i < number_of_lines; i++)
{
    wrBuf.put(buffer);
}
rwChannel.close();

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