如何通过深度的名称查询XDocument的元素?

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我有一个XDocument对象。我想使用LINQ在深度查询具有特定名称的元素。

提问于
用户回答回答于

例子:

using System;
using System.Xml.Linq;

class Test
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string xml = @"
<root>
  <child id='1'/>
  <child id='2'>
    <grandchild id='3' />
    <grandchild id='4' />
  </child>
</root>";
        XDocument doc = XDocument.Parse(xml);

        foreach (XElement element in doc.Descendants("grandchild"))
        {
            Console.WriteLine(element);
        }
    }
}

结果:

<grandchild id="3" /><grandchild id="4" />

用户回答回答于

指示命名空间的示例:

String TheDocumentContent =
@"
<TheNamespace:root xmlns:TheNamespace = 'http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema' >
   <TheNamespace:GrandParent>
      <TheNamespace:Parent>
         <TheNamespace:Child theName = 'Fred'  />
         <TheNamespace:Child theName = 'Gabi'  />
         <TheNamespace:Child theName = 'George'/>
         <TheNamespace:Child theName = 'Grace' />
         <TheNamespace:Child theName = 'Sam'   />
      </TheNamespace:Parent>
   </TheNamespace:GrandParent>
</TheNamespace:root>
";

XDocument TheDocument = XDocument.Parse( TheDocumentContent );

//Example 1:
var TheElements1 =
from
    AnyElement
in
    TheDocument.Descendants( "{http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema}Child" )
select
    AnyElement;

ResultsTxt.AppendText( TheElements1.Count().ToString() );

//Example 2:
var TheElements2 =
from
    AnyElement
in
    TheDocument.Descendants( "{http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema}Child" )
where
    AnyElement.Attribute( "theName" ).Value.StartsWith( "G" )
select
    AnyElement;

foreach ( XElement CurrentElement in TheElements2 )
{
    ResultsTxt.AppendText( "\r\n" + CurrentElement.Attribute( "theName" ).Value );
}

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