ObservableCollection不支持AddRange方法,因此除了INotifyCollectionChanging以外,我还会为每个添加的项目收到通知。如何才能实现?

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我希望能够添加一个范围并为整个批量更新。

我还希望能够在完成之前取消操作(即,除了“更改”之外的集合更改)。

提问于
用户回答回答于

我认为AddRange更好地实现如下:

public void AddRange(IEnumerable<T> collection)
{
    foreach (var i in collection) Items.Add(i);
    OnCollectionChanged(
        new NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Reset));
}

它给你留了一份名单。另外,如果想要进行微观优化,可以为最多N项进行添加,如果添加的项目超过N项,则进行重置。

用户回答回答于

似乎它不被支持,我自己实施了FYI,希望它对你有所帮助:

我更新了VB的版本,从现在起就改变了收藏,可以后悔之前引发一个事件(使用时非常有用DataGridListView更多的人,你可以表现出“你确定”向用户确认),更新的VB版本位于此消息的底部

VB.NET:

Imports System.Collections.Specialized

Namespace System.Collections.ObjectModel
    ''' <summary>
    ''' Represents a dynamic data collection that provides notifications when items get added, removed, or when the whole list is refreshed.
    ''' </summary>
    ''' <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    Public Class ObservableRangeCollection(Of T) : Inherits System.Collections.ObjectModel.ObservableCollection(Of T)

        ''' <summary>
        ''' Adds the elements of the specified collection to the end of the ObservableCollection(Of T).
        ''' </summary>
        Public Sub AddRange(ByVal collection As IEnumerable(Of T))
            For Each i In collection
                Items.Add(i)
            Next
            OnCollectionChanged(New NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Reset))
        End Sub

        ''' <summary>
        ''' Removes the first occurence of each item in the specified collection from ObservableCollection(Of T).
        ''' </summary>
        Public Sub RemoveRange(ByVal collection As IEnumerable(Of T))
            For Each i In collection
                Items.Remove(i)
            Next

            OnCollectionChanged(New NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Reset))
        End Sub

        ''' <summary>
        ''' Clears the current collection and replaces it with the specified item.
        ''' </summary>
        Public Sub Replace(ByVal item As T)
            ReplaceRange(New T() {item})
        End Sub
        ''' <summary>
        ''' Clears the current collection and replaces it with the specified collection.
        ''' </summary>
        Public Sub ReplaceRange(ByVal collection As IEnumerable(Of T))
            Dim old = Items.ToList
            Items.Clear()
            For Each i In collection
                Items.Add(i)
            Next
            OnCollectionChanged(New NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Reset))
        End Sub

        ''' <summary>
        ''' Initializes a new instance of the System.Collections.ObjectModel.ObservableCollection(Of T) class.
        ''' </summary>
        ''' <remarks></remarks>
        Public Sub New()
            MyBase.New()
        End Sub
        ''' <summary>
        ''' Initializes a new instance of the System.Collections.ObjectModel.ObservableCollection(Of T) class that contains elements copied from the specified collection.
        ''' </summary>
        ''' <param name="collection">collection: The collection from which the elements are copied.</param>
        ''' <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The collection parameter cannot be null.</exception>
        Public Sub New(ByVal collection As IEnumerable(Of T))
            MyBase.New(collection)
        End Sub
    End Class   

End Namespace

C#:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Linq;

/// <summary> 
/// Represents a dynamic data collection that provides notifications when items get added, removed, or when the whole list is refreshed. 
/// </summary> 
/// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam> 
public class ObservableRangeCollection<T> : ObservableCollection<T>
{
    /// <summary> 
    /// Adds the elements of the specified collection to the end of the ObservableCollection(Of T). 
    /// </summary> 
    public void AddRange(IEnumerable<T> collection)
    {
        if (collection == null) throw new ArgumentNullException("collection");

        foreach (var i in collection) Items.Add(i);
        OnCollectionChanged(new NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Reset));
    }

    /// <summary> 
    /// Removes the first occurence of each item in the specified collection from ObservableCollection(Of T). 
    /// </summary> 
    public void RemoveRange(IEnumerable<T> collection)
    {
        if (collection == null) throw new ArgumentNullException("collection");

        foreach (var i in collection) Items.Remove(i);
        OnCollectionChanged(new NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Reset));
    }

    /// <summary> 
    /// Clears the current collection and replaces it with the specified item. 
    /// </summary> 
    public void Replace(T item)
    {
        ReplaceRange(new T[] { item });
    }

    /// <summary> 
    /// Clears the current collection and replaces it with the specified collection. 
    /// </summary> 
    public void ReplaceRange(IEnumerable<T> collection)
    {
        if (collection == null) throw new ArgumentNullException("collection");

        Items.Clear();
        foreach (var i in collection) Items.Add(i);
        OnCollectionChanged(new NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Reset));
    }

    /// <summary> 
    /// Initializes a new instance of the System.Collections.ObjectModel.ObservableCollection(Of T) class. 
    /// </summary> 
    public ObservableRangeCollection()
        : base() { }

    /// <summary> 
    /// Initializes a new instance of the System.Collections.ObjectModel.ObservableCollection(Of T) class that contains elements copied from the specified collection. 
    /// </summary> 
    /// <param name="collection">collection: The collection from which the elements are copied.</param> 
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The collection parameter cannot be null.</exception> 
    public ObservableRangeCollection(IEnumerable<T> collection)
        : base(collection) { }
}

通过收集更改通知的可观察范围收集

Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Collections.ObjectModel

Public Class ObservableRangeCollection(Of T) : Inherits ObservableCollection(Of T) : Implements INotifyCollectionChanging(Of T)
    ''' <summary>
    ''' Initializes a new instance of the System.Collections.ObjectModel.ObservableCollection(Of T) class.
    ''' </summary>
    ''' <remarks></remarks>
    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
    End Sub

    ''' <summary>
    ''' Initializes a new instance of the System.Collections.ObjectModel.ObservableCollection(Of T) class that contains elements copied from the specified collection.
    ''' </summary>
    ''' <param name="collection">collection: The collection from which the elements are copied.</param>
    ''' <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The collection parameter cannot be null.</exception>
    Public Sub New(ByVal collection As IEnumerable(Of T))
        MyBase.New(collection)
    End Sub

    ''' <summary>
    ''' Adds the elements of the specified collection to the end of the ObservableCollection(Of T).
    ''' </summary>
    Public Sub AddRange(ByVal collection As IEnumerable(Of T))
        Dim ce As New NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T)(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Add, collection)
        OnCollectionChanging(ce)
        If ce.Cancel Then Exit Sub

        Dim index = Items.Count - 1
        For Each i In collection
            Items.Add(i)
        Next

        OnCollectionChanged(New NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Add, collection, index))
    End Sub


    ''' <summary>
    ''' Inserts the collection at specified index.
    ''' </summary>
    Public Sub InsertRange(ByVal index As Integer, ByVal Collection As IEnumerable(Of T))
        Dim ce As New NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T)(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Add, Collection)
        OnCollectionChanging(ce)
        If ce.Cancel Then Exit Sub

        For Each i In Collection
            Items.Insert(index, i)
        Next

        OnCollectionChanged(New NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Reset))
    End Sub


    ''' <summary>
    ''' Removes the first occurence of each item in the specified collection from ObservableCollection(Of T).
    ''' </summary>
    Public Sub RemoveRange(ByVal collection As IEnumerable(Of T))
        Dim ce As New NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T)(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Remove, collection)
        OnCollectionChanging(ce)
        If ce.Cancel Then Exit Sub

        For Each i In collection
            Items.Remove(i)
        Next

        OnCollectionChanged(New NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Reset))
    End Sub



    ''' <summary>
    ''' Clears the current collection and replaces it with the specified item.
    ''' </summary>
    Public Sub Replace(ByVal item As T)
        ReplaceRange(New T() {item})
    End Sub

    ''' <summary>
    ''' Clears the current collection and replaces it with the specified collection.
    ''' </summary>
    Public Sub ReplaceRange(ByVal collection As IEnumerable(Of T))
        Dim ce As New NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T)(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Replace, Items)
        OnCollectionChanging(ce)
        If ce.Cancel Then Exit Sub

        Items.Clear()
        For Each i In collection
            Items.Add(i)
        Next
        OnCollectionChanged(New NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Reset))
    End Sub

    Protected Overrides Sub ClearItems()
        Dim e As New NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T)(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Reset, Items)
        OnCollectionChanging(e)

        If e.Cancel Then Exit Sub

        MyBase.ClearItems()
    End Sub

    Protected Overrides Sub InsertItem(ByVal index As Integer, ByVal item As T)
        Dim ce As New NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T)(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Add, item)
        OnCollectionChanging(ce)
        If ce.Cancel Then Exit Sub

        MyBase.InsertItem(index, item)
    End Sub

    Protected Overrides Sub MoveItem(ByVal oldIndex As Integer, ByVal newIndex As Integer)
        Dim ce As New NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T)()
        OnCollectionChanging(ce)
        If ce.Cancel Then Exit Sub

        MyBase.MoveItem(oldIndex, newIndex)
    End Sub

    Protected Overrides Sub RemoveItem(ByVal index As Integer)
        Dim ce As New NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T)(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Remove, Items(index))
        OnCollectionChanging(ce)
        If ce.Cancel Then Exit Sub

        MyBase.RemoveItem(index)
    End Sub

    Protected Overrides Sub SetItem(ByVal index As Integer, ByVal item As T)
        Dim ce As New NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T)(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Replace, Items(index))
        OnCollectionChanging(ce)
        If ce.Cancel Then Exit Sub

        MyBase.SetItem(index, item)
    End Sub

    Protected Overrides Sub OnCollectionChanged(ByVal e As Specialized.NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs)
        If e.NewItems IsNot Nothing Then
            For Each i As T In e.NewItems
                If TypeOf i Is INotifyPropertyChanged Then AddHandler DirectCast(i, INotifyPropertyChanged).PropertyChanged, AddressOf Item_PropertyChanged
            Next
        End If
        MyBase.OnCollectionChanged(e)
    End Sub

    Private Sub Item_PropertyChanged(ByVal sender As T, ByVal e As ComponentModel.PropertyChangedEventArgs)
        OnCollectionChanged(New NotifyCollectionChangedEventArgs(NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Reset, sender, IndexOf(sender)))
    End Sub

    Public Event CollectionChanging(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T)) Implements INotifyCollectionChanging(Of T).CollectionChanging
    Protected Overridable Sub OnCollectionChanging(ByVal e As NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T))
        RaiseEvent CollectionChanging(Me, e)
    End Sub
End Class


Public Interface INotifyCollectionChanging(Of T)
    Event CollectionChanging(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T))
End Interface

Public Class NotifyCollectionChangingEventArgs(Of T) : Inherits CancelEventArgs

    Public Sub New()
        m_Action = NotifyCollectionChangedAction.Move
        m_Items = New T() {}
    End Sub

    Public Sub New(ByVal action As NotifyCollectionChangedAction, ByVal item As T)
        m_Action = action
        m_Items = New T() {item}
    End Sub

    Public Sub New(ByVal action As NotifyCollectionChangedAction, ByVal items As IEnumerable(Of T))
        m_Action = action
        m_Items = items
    End Sub

    Private m_Action As NotifyCollectionChangedAction
    Public ReadOnly Property Action() As NotifyCollectionChangedAction
        Get
            Return m_Action
        End Get
    End Property

    Private m_Items As IList
    Public ReadOnly Property Items() As IEnumerable(Of T)
        Get
            Return m_Items
        End Get
    End Property
End Class

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