如何创建下拉列表?

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我在Android编程新手,我想知道如何创建一个下拉列表,我试过一个ScrollView,但它不是我所需要的。

提问于
用户回答回答于

Spinner xml:

<Spinner
      android:id="@+id/spinner"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="match_parent" />

Java的:

public class MainActivity extends Activity implements OnItemSelectedListener{

    private Spinner spinner;
    private static final String[]paths = {"item 1", "item 2", "item 3"};

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState){
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main_layout);

        spinner = (Spinner)findViewById(R.id.spinner);
        ArrayAdapter<String>adapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(MainActivity.this,
                android.R.layout.simple_spinner_item,paths);

        adapter.setDropDownViewResource(android.R.layout.simple_spinner_dropdown_item);
        spinner.setAdapter(adapter);
        spinner.setOnItemSelectedListener(this);

    }

    public void onItemSelected(AdapterView<?> parent, View v, int position, long id) {

        switch (position) {
            case 0:
                // Whatever you want to happen when the first item gets selected
                break;
            case 1:
                // Whatever you want to happen when the second item gets selected
                break;
            case 2:
                // Whatever you want to happen when the thrid item gets selected
                break;

        }
    }

}
用户回答回答于

最好的方法是:

预习:

XML:

<Spinner
    android:id="@+id/spinner1"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:background="@android:drawable/btn_dropdown"
    android:spinnerMode="dropdown"/>

Java的:

//get the spinner from the xml.
Spinner dropdown = findViewById(R.id.spinner1);
//create a list of items for the spinner.
String[] items = new String[]{"1", "2", "three"};
//create an adapter to describe how the items are displayed, adapters are used in several places in android.
//There are multiple variations of this, but this is the basic variant.
ArrayAdapter<String> adapter = new ArrayAdapter<>(this, android.R.layout.simple_spinner_dropdown_item, items);
//set the spinners adapter to the previously created one.
dropdown.setAdapter(adapter);

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