用多个其他字符串替换多个字符串?

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试图用多个其他单词替换字符串中的多个单词:

var str = "I have a cat, a dog, and a goat.";
str = str.replace(/cat/gi, "dog");
str = str.replace(/dog/gi, "goat");
str = str.replace(/goat/gi, "cat");

//this produces "I have a cat, a cat, and a cat"
//but I wanted to produce the string "I have a dog, a goat, and a cat".
提问于
用户回答回答于

可以使用一个函数来替换每个函数。

var str = "I have a cat, a dog, and a goat.";
var mapObj = {
   cat:"dog",
   dog:"goat",
   goat:"cat"
};
str = str.replace(/cat|dog|goat/gi, function(matched){
  return mapObj[matched];
});

例子

new RegExp(Object.keys(mapObj).join("|"),"gi"); 

生成正则表达式

var mapObj = {cat:"dog",dog:"goat",goat:"cat"};

var re = new RegExp(Object.keys(mapObj).join("|"),"gi");
str = str.replace(re, function(matched){
  return mapObj[matched];
});
function replaceAll(str,mapObj){
    var re = new RegExp(Object.keys(mapObj).join("|"),"gi");

    return str.replace(re, function(matched){
        return mapObj[matched.toLowerCase()];
    });
}

用户回答回答于

它将替换参数的所有实例:

String.prototype.fmt = function (hash) {
        var string = this, key; for (key in hash) string = string.replace(new RegExp('\\{' + key + '\\}', 'gm'), hash[key]); return string
}

将按以下方式调用它:

var person = '{title} {first} {last}'.fmt({ title: 'Agent', first: 'Jack', last: 'Bauer' });
// person = 'Agent Jack Bauer'

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