SQLServer中单行合并/插入的语法是什么?

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我试图对表执行一行插入/更新,但是所有的示例都是针对SET的。

请有人修复我的语法:

MERGE member_topic ON mt_member = 0 AND mt_topic = 110
WHEN MATCHED THEN UPDATE SET mt_notes = 'test'
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (mt_member, mt_topic, mt_notes) VALUES (0, 110, 'test')

MARC决议_S将单行转换为子查询--这使我认为合并命令实际上不是针对单行上服务器的。

MERGE member_topic
USING (SELECT 0 mt_member, 110 mt_topic) as source
ON member_topic.mt_member = source.mt_member AND member_topic.mt_topic = source.mt_topic
WHEN MATCHED THEN UPDATE SET mt_notes = 'test'
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (mt_member, mt_topic, mt_notes) VALUES (0, 110, 'test');
提问于
用户回答回答于

尝试如下所示:

MERGE 
   member_topic AS target
USING 
   someOtherTable AS source
ON 
   target.mt_member = source.mt_member 
   AND source.mt_member = 0 
   AND source.mt_topic = 110
WHEN MATCHED THEN 
   UPDATE SET mt_notes = 'test'
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN 
   INSERT (mt_member, mt_topic, mt_notes) VALUES (0, 110, 'test')
; 

对于单个行合并没有特殊的语法--您所需要做的就是使用一个正确的子句。在适当的条件下ON子句,您可以将源限制为一行-没有问题。

用户回答回答于

最后,我使用MERGE在SQLServer 2008中。

IF EXISTS(SELECT * FROM member_topic WHERE mt_member = 0 AND mt_topic = 110)
BEGIN
    --update existing row
    UPDATE member_topic SET mt_notes = 'test'
    WHERE mt_member = 0
    AND mt_topic = 110
END
ELSE
BEGIN
    --insert new row
    INSERT INTO member_topic (mt_member, mt_topic, mt_notes)
    VALUES (0, 110, 'test')
END

等价物MERGE语法是:

MERGE member_topic
USING ( 
    VALUES (0, 110, 'test')
) AS foo (mt_member, mt_topic, mt_notes) 
ON member_topic.mt_member = foo.mt_member 
   AND member_topic.mt_topic = foo.mt_topic
WHEN MATCHED THEN
   UPDATE SET mt_notes = foo.mt_notes
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN
   INSERT (mt_member, mt_topic, mt_notes)
   VALUES (foo.mt_member, foo.mt_topic, foo.mt_notes)
; --A MERGE statement must be terminated by a semi-colon (;).

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