Spring正在失去与数据库的连接,无法恢复或重新连接?

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我在Maria DB的同一台主机上有一个spring-boot应用程序,并且两者运行良好。但是,在12小时和2天之间,似乎Spring引导应用程序失去了与数据库的连接(堆栈跟踪),并且不能从中恢复。

当我重新启动应用程序时,一段时间都会恢复正常。

应用程序没有加载,当它失去连接时,应用程序仍在工作,但数据库连接不能恢复。数据库在此期间不重启(正常运行4周)。只有监测服务每分钟给每分钟一次的数据库写入数据。(春季开机健康)

连接到同一个数据库的其他Java应用程序运行正常,没有任何问题。

我的问题是:

为什么spring没有从这个错误中恢复,并尝试重新连接到数据库?我如何设置弹簧重新连接到数据库?

2015-02-19 15:25:48.392  INFO 4931 [qtp92662861-19] --- o.s.b.f.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader      : Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [org/springframework/jdbc/support/sql-error-codes.xml]
2015-02-19 15:25:48.580  INFO 4931 [qtp92662861-19] --- o.s.jdbc.support.SQLErrorCodesFactory    : SQLErrorCodes loaded: [DB2, Derby, H2, HSQL, Informix, MS-SQL, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, Sybase]
2015-02-19 15:25:48.616  WARN 4931 [qtp92662861-19] --- o.s.jdbc.support.SQLErrorCodesFactory    : Error while extracting database product name - falling back to empty error codes

org.springframework.jdbc.support.MetaDataAccessException: Error while extracting DatabaseMetaData; nested exception is com.mysql.jdbc.exceptions.jdbc4.MySQLNonTransientConnectionException: No operations allowed after connection closed.
    at org.springframework.jdbc.support.JdbcUtils.extractDatabaseMetaData(JdbcUtils.java:296)
    at org.springframework.jdbc.support.JdbcUtils.extractDatabaseMetaData(JdbcUtils.java:320)
    at org.springframework.jdbc.support.SQLErrorCodesFactory.getErrorCodes(SQLErrorCodesFactory.java:214)
    at org.springframework.jdbc.support.SQLErrorCodeSQLExceptionTranslator.setDataSource(SQLErrorCodeSQLExceptionTranslator.java:134)
    at org.springframework.jdbc.support.SQLErrorCodeSQLExceptionTranslator.<init>(SQLErrorCodeSQLExceptionTranslator.java:97)
    at org.springframework.jdbc.support.JdbcAccessor.getExceptionTranslator(JdbcAccessor.java:99)
    at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.execute(JdbcTemplate.java:413)
    at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:468)
    at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.query(JdbcTemplate.java:478)
    at org.springframework.boot.actuate.health.DataSourceHealthIndicator.doDataSourceHealthCheck(DataSourceHealthIndicator.java:98)
    at org.springframework.boot.actuate.health.DataSourceHealthIndicator.doHealthCheck(DataSourceHealthIndicator.java:87)
    at org.springframework.boot.actuate.health.AbstractHealthIndicator.health(AbstractHealthIndicator.java:38)
    at org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.HealthEndpoint.invoke(HealthEndpoint.java:67)
    at org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.HealthEndpoint.invoke(HealthEndpoint.java:34)
    at org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.HealthMvcEndpoint.invoke(HealthMvcEndpoint.java:102)
    at sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor78.invoke(Unknown Source)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:483)
    at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invoke(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:215)
    at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invokeForRequest(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:132)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.invokeAndHandle(ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java:104)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.invokeHandleMethod(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:749)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.handleInternal(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:689)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.handle(AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.java:83)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:938)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:870)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:961)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:852)
    at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:687)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:837)
    at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:790)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHolder.handle(ServletHolder.java:769)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler$CachedChain.doFilter(ServletHandler.java:1667)
    at org.springframework.boot.actuate.trace.WebRequestTraceFilter.doFilterInternal(WebRequestTraceFilter.java:110)
    at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler$CachedChain.doFilter(ServletHandler.java:1650)
    at org.springframework.boot.actuate.autoconfigure.EndpointWebMvcAutoConfiguration$ApplicationContextHeaderFilter.doFilterInternal(EndpointWebMvcAutoConfiguration.java:280)
    at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler$CachedChain.doFilter(ServletHandler.java:1650)
    at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilterInternal(FilterChainProxy.java:186)
    at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:160)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler$CachedChain.doFilter(ServletHandler.java:1650)
    at org.springframework.web.filter.HiddenHttpMethodFilter.doFilterInternal(HiddenHttpMethodFilter.java:77)
    at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler$CachedChain.doFilter(ServletHandler.java:1650)
    at onlinevalidation.CorsFilter.doFilter(CorsFilter.java:20)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler$CachedChain.doFilter(ServletHandler.java:1650)
    at org.springframework.boot.actuate.autoconfigure.MetricFilterAutoConfiguration$MetricsFilter.doFilterInternal(MetricFilterAutoConfiguration.java:90)
    at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler$CachedChain.doFilter(ServletHandler.java:1650)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler.doHandle(ServletHandler.java:583)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ScopedHandler.handle(ScopedHandler.java:143)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.security.SecurityHandler.handle(SecurityHandler.java:577)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.server.session.SessionHandler.doHandle(SessionHandler.java:223)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler.doHandle(ContextHandler.java:1125)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler.doScope(ServletHandler.java:515)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.server.session.SessionHandler.doScope(SessionHandler.java:185)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler.doScope(ContextHandler.java:1059)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ScopedHandler.handle(ScopedHandler.java:141)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.HandlerWrapper.handle(HandlerWrapper.java:97)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.server.Server.handle(Server.java:497)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.server.HttpChannel.handle(HttpChannel.java:311)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.server.HttpConnection.onFillable(HttpConnection.java:248)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.io.AbstractConnection$2.run(AbstractConnection.java:540)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.util.thread.QueuedThreadPool.runJob(QueuedThreadPool.java:610)
    at org.eclipse.jetty.util.thread.QueuedThreadPool$3.run(QueuedThreadPool.java:539)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)
Caused by: com.mysql.jdbc.exceptions.jdbc4.MySQLNonTransientConnectionException: No operations allowed after connection closed.
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
    at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:408)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.Util.handleNewInstance(Util.java:377)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.Util.getInstance(Util.java:360)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:956)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:935)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:924)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:870)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.throwConnectionClosedException(ConnectionImpl.java:1232)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.checkClosed(ConnectionImpl.java:1225)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.getMetaData(ConnectionImpl.java:2932)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.getMetaData(ConnectionImpl.java:2927)
    at sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor76.invoke(Unknown Source)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:483)
    at org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.ProxyConnection.invoke(ProxyConnection.java:126)
    at org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.JdbcInterceptor.invoke(JdbcInterceptor.java:109)
    at org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DisposableConnectionFacade.invoke(DisposableConnectionFacade.java:80)
    at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy68.getMetaData(Unknown Source)
    at org.springframework.jdbc.support.JdbcUtils.extractDatabaseMetaData(JdbcUtils.java:285)
    ... 66 common frames omitted
Caused by: com.mysql.jdbc.exceptions.jdbc4.CommunicationsException: Communications link failure

The last packet successfully received from the server was 758,805 milliseconds ago.  The last packet sent successfully to the server was 37 milliseconds ago.
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
    at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:408)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.Util.handleNewInstance(Util.java:377)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.SQLError.createCommunicationsException(SQLError.java:1036)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.reuseAndReadPacket(MysqlIO.java:3427)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.reuseAndReadPacket(MysqlIO.java:3327)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.checkErrorPacket(MysqlIO.java:3814)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.sendCommand(MysqlIO.java:2435)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.sqlQueryDirect(MysqlIO.java:2582)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.execSQL(ConnectionImpl.java:2526)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.ConnectionImpl.execSQL(ConnectionImpl.java:2484)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.StatementImpl.executeQuery(StatementImpl.java:1446)
    at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate$1QueryStatementCallback.doInStatement(JdbcTemplate.java:452)
    at org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate.execute(JdbcTemplate.java:402)
    ... 60 common frames omitted
Caused by: java.io.EOFException: Can not read response from server. Expected to read 4 bytes, read 0 bytes before connection was unexpectedly lost.
    at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.readFully(MysqlIO.java:2914)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.reuseAndReadPacket(MysqlIO.java:3337)
    ... 69 common frames omitted

@Configuration
@ComponentScan(value = "com.demo.validation",scopedProxy = TARGET_CLASS)
@EnableAutoConfiguration
@EnableAspectJAutoProxy(proxyTargetClass = true)
@EnableCaching(proxyTargetClass = true)
@EnableAsync(proxyTargetClass = true)
@EnableJpaRepositories
@EnableTransactionManagement(proxyTargetClass = true)
public class Configuration {
  main(...)
}

配置

spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost/validation
spring.datasource.username=validation
spring.datasource.password=****
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

Gradle.Build

dependencies {
    //Boot
    compile 'org.codehaus.groovy:groovy-all:2.3.7:indy'
    compile 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-actuator:1.1.8.RELEASE'
    compile 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-security:1.1.8.RELEASE'
    compile 'org.springframework:spring-aspects:4.0.7.RELEASE'
    compile 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-aop:1.1.8.RELEASE'
    compile 'org.springframework:spring-instrument:4.0.7.RELEASE'
    compile('org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web:1.1.8.RELEASE'){
        exclude module: 'spring-boot-starter-tomcat'
    }

    //servlet container
    compile 'org.eclipse.jetty:jetty-webapp:9.2.3.v20140905'
    compile 'org.eclipse.jetty:jetty-servlets:9.2.3.v20140905'

    //DB
    compile 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-data-jpa:1.1.8.RELEASE'
    compile 'mysql:mysql-connector-java:5.1.34'
    //compile 'org.mariadb.jdbc:mariadb-java-client:1.1.8'
    runtime 'com.h2database:h2:1.4.182'
提问于
用户回答回答于

Spring DataSource不适用于生产用途:

事实上,你需要正确的事务管理器,并且ni需要连接池。DriverManagerDataSource不适用于生产,它每次需要时都会打开和关闭数据库连接。

相反,ni可以使用C3P0作为处理重新连接的DataSource,并且性能要好得多。以下是Spring xml配置中的潜在配置示例:

<bean id="c3p0DataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource"
    destroy-method="close">
    <property name="driverClass" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
    <property name="jdbcUrl" value="#{systemProperties.dbhost}" />
    <property name="user" value="#{systemProperties.dbuser}" />
    <property name="password" value="#{systemProperties.dbpass}" />
    <property name="maxPoolSize" value="25" />
    <property name="minPoolSize" value="10" />
    <property name="maxStatements" value="100" />
    <property name="testConnectionOnCheckout" value="true" />
</bean>
<bean id="jdbcTemplate" class="org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate">
    <constructor-arg ref="c3p0DataSource" />
</bean>
用户回答回答于

尝试将连接URL更改为:

spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost/validation?autoReconnect=true

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