JSON和iPhone上的核心数据如何获取?

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我有一个核心数据对象图(由两个实体通过多对多关系链接组成)。

我很好奇,作为一个相对缺乏经验的iPhone开发人员,是否有人可以推荐一种方法,并为iPhone提供合适的JSON实现,这将允许我:

  1. 将核心数据记录转换为JSON字符串(同时保持实体之间的关系); 和
  2. 将JSON字符串转换回核心数据对象(再次保留实体之间的关系)。

我已经搜索了一个关于这一点的教程/代码示例,但没有成功,所以我会很感激地收到任何帮助。

提问于
用户回答回答于

首先,选择一个JSON库来使用,我个人喜欢TouchJSON,但其他几个也非常好。复杂的部分虽然不是很难,但是可以将托管对象转换为合适的转换结构。我写这个真快,所以它可能有一个错误或两个

你调用的方法是:

- (NSString*)jsonStructureFromManagedObjects:(NSArray*)managedObjects;
- (NSArray*)managedObjectsFromJSONStructure:(NSString*)json withManagedObjectContext:(NSManagedObjectContext*)moc;

实施情况如下:

- (NSDictionary*)dataStructureFromManagedObject:(NSManagedObject*)managedObject
{
  NSDictionary *attributesByName = [[managedObject entity] attributesByName];
  NSDictionary *relationshipsByName = [[managedObject entity] relationshipsByName];
  NSMutableDictionary *valuesDictionary = [[managedObject dictionaryWithValuesForKeys:[attributesByName allKeys]] mutableCopy];
  [valuesDictionary setObject:[[managedObject entity] name] forKey:@"ManagedObjectName"];
  for (NSString *relationshipName in [relationshipsByName allKeys]) {
    NSRelationshipDescription *description = [[[managedObject entity] relationshipsByName] objectForKey:relationshipName];
    if (![description isToMany]) {
      NSManagedObject *relationshipObject = [managedObject valueForKey:relationshipName];
      [valuesDictionary setObject:[self dataStructureForManagedObject:relationshipObject] forKey:relationshipName];
      continue;
    }
    NSSet *relationshipObjects = [managedObject objectForKey:relationshipName];
    NSMutableArray *relationshipArray = [[NSMutableArray alloc] init];
    for (NSManagedObject *relationshipObject in relationshipObjects) {
      [relationshipArray addObject:[self dataStructureForManagedObject:relationshipObject]];
    }
    [valuesDictionary setObject:relationshipArray forKey:relationshipName];
  }
  return [valuesDictionary autorelease];
}

- (NSArray*)dataStructuresFromManagedObjects:(NSArray*)managedObjects
{
  NSMutableArray *dataArray = [[NSMutableArray alloc] init];
  for (NSManagedObject *managedObject in managedObjects) {
    [dataArray addObject:[self dataStructureForManagedObject:managedObject]];
  }
  return [dataArray autorelease];
}

- (NSString*)jsonStructureFromManagedObjects:(NSArray*)managedObjects
{
  NSArray *objectsArray = [self dataStructuresFromManagedObjects:managedObjects];
  NSString *jsonString = [[CJSONSerializer serializer] serializeArray:objectsArray];
  return jsonString;
}

- (NSManagedObject*)managedObjectFromStructure:(NSDictionary*)structureDictionary withManagedObjectContext:(NSManagedObjectContext*)moc
{
  NSString *objectName = [structureDictionary objectForKey:@"ManagedObjectName"];
  NSManagedObject *managedObject = [NSEntityDescription insertNewObjectForEntityForName:objectName inManagedObjectContext:moc];
  [managedObject setValuesForKeysWithDictionary:structureDictionary];

  for (NSString *relationshipName in [[[managedObject entity] relationshipsByName] allKeys]) {
    NSRelationshipDescription *description = [relationshipsByName objectForKey:relationshipName];
    if (![description isToMany]) {
      NSDictionary *childStructureDictionary = [structureDictionary objectForKey:relationshipName];
      NSManagedObject *childObject = [self managedObjectFromStructure:childStructureDictionary withManagedObjectContext:moc];
      [managedObject setObject:childObject forKey:relationshipName];
      continue;
    }
    NSMutableSet *relationshipSet = [managedObject mutableSetForKey:relationshipName];
    NSArray *relationshipArray = [structureDictionary objectForKey:relationshipName];
    for (NSDictionary *childStructureDictionary in relationshipArray) {
      NSManagedObject *childObject = [self managedObjectFromStructure:childStructureDictionary withManagedObjectContext:moc];
      [relationshipSet addObject:childObject];
    }
  }
  return managedObject;
}

- (NSArray*)managedObjectsFromJSONStructure:(NSString*)json withManagedObjectContext:(NSManagedObjectContext*)moc
{
  NSError *error = nil;
  NSArray *structureArray = [[CJSONDeserializer deserializer] deserializeAsArray:json error:&error];
  NSAssert2(error == nil, @"Failed to deserialize\n%@\n%@", [error localizedDescription], json);
  NSMutableArray *objectArray = [[NSMutableArray alloc] init];
  for (NSDictionary *structureDictionary in structureArray) {
    [objectArray addObject:[self managedObjectFromStructure:structureDictionary withManagedObjectContext:moc]];
  }
  return [objectArray autorelease];
}

现在这是递归的,所以如果你不小心,你可以很容易地翻译你的整个持久存储。注意你的关系,并确保它们只是“向下”对象树,这样你才能得到你想要翻译的对象。

用户回答回答于

我只想指出一个小小的错字,导致代码崩溃,希望这会节省几分钟的时间。

- (NSArray*)dataStructuresFromManagedObjects:(NSArray*)managedObjects {

    NSMutableArray *dataArray = [[NSArray alloc] init];
    for (NSManagedObject *managedObject in managedObjects) {
        [dataArray addObject:[self dataStructureFromManagedObject:managedObject]];
    }
    return [dataArray autorelease];
}

NSMutableArray *dataArray = [[NSArray alloc] init]; // This should be NSMutableArray

真的应该是 NSMutableArray *dataArray = [[NSMutableArray alloc] init];

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