如何在android espresso中检查toast消息?

内容来源于 Stack Overflow,并遵循CC BY-SA 3.0许可协议进行翻译与使用

  • 回答 (2)
  • 关注 (0)
  • 查看 (18)

有谁会知道如何测试Android espresso中Toast消息的外观吗?在机器人中,它使用起来很简单,但是开始使用浓咖啡,但没有得到确切的命令。

提问于
用户回答回答于

这种声明适用于我,你可以试试:

import static android.support.test.espresso.assertion.ViewAssertions.matches;
import static android.support.test.espresso.matcher.RootMatchers.withDecorView;
import static android.support.test.espresso.matcher.ViewMatchers.isDisplayed;
import static android.support.test.espresso.matcher.ViewMatchers.withText;
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.is;
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.not;
....
onView(withText(R.string.TOAST_STRING)).inRoot(withDecorView(not(is(getActivity().getWindow().getDecorView())))).check(matches(isDisplayed()));
用户回答回答于

这给了我一个如何去做的想法,并且我更新了上面的解决方案。

首先我实施了ToastMatcher:

import android.os.IBinder;
import android.support.test.espresso.Root;
import android.view.WindowManager;
import org.hamcrest.Description;
import org.hamcrest.TypeSafeMatcher;

public class ToastMatcher extends TypeSafeMatcher<Root> {

  @Override
  public void describeTo(Description description) {
    description.appendText("is toast");
  }

  @Override
  public boolean matchesSafely(Root root) {
    int type = root.getWindowLayoutParams().get().type;
    if (type == WindowManager.LayoutParams.TYPE_TOAST) {
        IBinder windowToken = root.getDecorView().getWindowToken();
        IBinder appToken = root.getDecorView().getApplicationWindowToken();
        if (windowToken == appToken) {
            // windowToken == appToken means this window isn't contained by any other windows.
            // if it was a window for an activity, it would have TYPE_BASE_APPLICATION.
            return true;
        }
    }
    return false;
  }

}

然后我实现了像这样的检查方法:

public void isToastMessageDisplayed(int textId) {
    onView(withText(textId)).inRoot(MobileViewMatchers.isToast()).check(matches(isDisplayed()));
}

MobileViewMatchers是访问匹配器的容器。在那里我定义了静态方法isToast()

public static Matcher<Root> isToast() {
    return new ToastMatcher();
}

扫码关注云+社区