从Map获取所有值的最快方法,其中键以certan表达式开头

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考虑到你有一个map<String, Object> myMap

给出的表达式"some.string.*",我必须从myMap其键以此表达式开头。

我尽量避免for loopS因为myMap将给出一组表达式,而不仅仅是一个表达式,并且使用for loop

最快的方法是什么?

提问于
用户回答回答于

你可以使用基础树数据结构的优点,并执行类似的操作(使用O(lg(N))复杂程度):

public SortedMap<String, Object> getByPrefix( 
        NavigableMap<String, Object> myMap, 
        String prefix ) {
    return myMap.subMap( prefix, prefix + Character.MAX_VALUE );
}

更多扩展的例子:

import java.util.NavigableMap;
import java.util.SortedMap;
import java.util.TreeMap;

public class Test {

    public static void main( String[] args ) {
        TreeMap<String, Object> myMap = new TreeMap<String, Object>();
        myMap.put( "111-hello", null );
        myMap.put( "111-world", null );
        myMap.put( "111-test", null );
        myMap.put( "111-java", null );

        myMap.put( "123-one", null );
        myMap.put( "123-two", null );
        myMap.put( "123--three", null );
        myMap.put( "123--four", null );

        myMap.put( "125-hello", null );
        myMap.put( "125--world", null );

        System.out.println( "111 \t" + getByPrefix( myMap, "111" ) );
        System.out.println( "123 \t" + getByPrefix( myMap, "123" ) );
        System.out.println( "123-- \t" + getByPrefix( myMap, "123--" ) );
        System.out.println( "12 \t" + getByPrefix( myMap, "12" ) );
    }

    private static SortedMap<String, Object> getByPrefix(
            NavigableMap<String, Object> myMap,
            String prefix ) {
        return myMap.subMap( prefix, prefix + Character.MAX_VALUE );
    }
}

输出如下:

111     {111-hello=null, 111-java=null, 111-test=null, 111-world=null}
123     {123--four=null, 123--three=null, 123-one=null, 123-two=null}
123--   {123--four=null, 123--three=null}
12      {123--four=null, 123--three=null, 123-one=null, 123-two=null, 125--world=null, 125-hello=null}
用户回答回答于

MapFilter最近写了一个这样的需求。你也可以过滤已过滤的地图,这样做非常有用。

如果你的表达式具有像“some.byte”和“some.string”这样的通用根,那么首先根据通用根进行过滤(本例中为“some。”)将为你节省大量时间。查看main一些微不足道的例子。

请注意,对已过滤的地图进行更改会更改底层地图。

public class MapFilter<T> implements Map<String, T> {

    // The enclosed map -- could also be a MapFilter.
    final private Map<String, T> map;

    // Use a TreeMap for predictable iteration order.
    // Store Map.Entry to reflect changes down into the underlying map.
    // The Key is the shortened string. The entry.key is the full string.
    final private Map<String, Map.Entry<String, T>> entries = new TreeMap<>();
    // The prefix they are looking for in this map.
    final private String prefix;

    public MapFilter(Map<String, T> map, String prefix) {
        // Store my backing map.
        this.map = map;
        // Record my prefix.
        this.prefix = prefix;
        // Build my entries.
        rebuildEntries();
    }

    public MapFilter(Map<String, T> map) {
        this(map, "");
    }

    private synchronized void rebuildEntries() {
        // Start empty.
        entries.clear();
        // Build my entry set.
        for (Map.Entry<String, T> e : map.entrySet()) {
            String key = e.getKey();
            // Retain each one that starts with the specified prefix.
            if (key.startsWith(prefix)) {
                // Key it on the remainder.
                String k = key.substring(prefix.length());
                // Entries k always contains the LAST occurrence if there are multiples.
                entries.put(k, e);
            }
        }

    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "MapFilter(" + prefix + ") of " + map + " containing " + entrySet();
    }

    // Constructor from a properties file.
    public MapFilter(Properties p, String prefix) {
        // Properties extends HashTable<Object,Object> so it implements Map.
        // I need Map<String,T> so I wrap it in a HashMap for simplicity.
        // Java-8 breaks if we use diamond inference.
        this(new HashMap<>((Map) p), prefix);
    }

    // Helper to fast filter the map.
    public MapFilter<T> filter(String prefix) {
        // Wrap me in a new filter.
        return new MapFilter<>(this, prefix);
    }

    // Count my entries.
    @Override
    public int size() {
        return entries.size();
    }

    // Are we empty.
    @Override
    public boolean isEmpty() {
        return entries.isEmpty();
    }

    // Is this key in me?
    @Override
    public boolean containsKey(Object key) {
        return entries.containsKey(key);
    }

    // Is this value in me.
    @Override
    public boolean containsValue(Object value) {
        // Walk the values.
        for (Map.Entry<String, T> e : entries.values()) {
            if (value.equals(e.getValue())) {
                // Its there!
                return true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }

    // Get the referenced value - if present.
    @Override
    public T get(Object key) {
        return get(key, null);
    }

    // Get the referenced value - if present.
    public T get(Object key, T dflt) {
        Map.Entry<String, T> e = entries.get((String) key);
        return e != null ? e.getValue() : dflt;
    }

    // Add to the underlying map.
    @Override
    public T put(String key, T value) {
        T old = null;
        // Do I have an entry for it already?
        Map.Entry<String, T> entry = entries.get(key);
        // Was it already there?
        if (entry != null) {
            // Yes. Just update it.
            old = entry.setValue(value);
        } else {
            // Add it to the map.
            map.put(prefix + key, value);
            // Rebuild.
            rebuildEntries();
        }
        return old;
    }

    // Get rid of that one.
    @Override
    public T remove(Object key) {
        // Do I have an entry for it?
        Map.Entry<String, T> entry = entries.get((String) key);
        if (entry != null) {
            entries.remove(key);
            // Change the underlying map.
            return map.remove(prefix + key);
        }
        return null;
    }

    // Add all of them.
    @Override
    public void putAll(Map<? extends String, ? extends T> m) {
        for (Map.Entry<? extends String, ? extends T> e : m.entrySet()) {
            put(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }
    }

    // Clear everything out.
    @Override
    public void clear() {
        // Just remove mine.
        // This does not clear the underlying map - perhaps it should remove the filtered entries.
        for (String key : entries.keySet()) {
            map.remove(prefix + key);
        }
        entries.clear();
    }

    @Override
    public Set<String> keySet() {
        return entries.keySet();
    }

    @Override
    public Collection<T> values() {
        // Roll them all out into a new ArrayList.
        List<T> values = new ArrayList<>();
        for (Map.Entry<String, T> v : entries.values()) {
            values.add(v.getValue());
        }
        return values;
    }

    @Override
    public Set<Map.Entry<String, T>> entrySet() {
        // Roll them all out into a new TreeSet.
        Set<Map.Entry<String, T>> entrySet = new TreeSet<>();
        for (Map.Entry<String, Map.Entry<String, T>> v : entries.entrySet()) {
            entrySet.add(new Entry<>(v));
        }
        return entrySet;
    }

    /**
     * An entry.
     *
     * @param <T> The type of the value.
     */
    private static class Entry<T> implements Map.Entry<String, T>, Comparable<Entry<T>> {

        // Note that entry in the entry is an entry in the underlying map.

        private final Map.Entry<String, Map.Entry<String, T>> entry;

        Entry(Map.Entry<String, Map.Entry<String, T>> entry) {
            this.entry = entry;
        }

        @Override
        public String getKey() {
            return entry.getKey();
        }

        @Override
        public T getValue() {
            // Remember that the value is the entry in the underlying map.
            return entry.getValue().getValue();
        }

        @Override
        public T setValue(T newValue) {
            // Remember that the value is the entry in the underlying map.
            return entry.getValue().setValue(newValue);
        }

        @Override
        public boolean equals(Object o) {
            if (!(o instanceof Entry)) {
                return false;
            }
            Entry e = (Entry) o;
            return getKey().equals(e.getKey()) && getValue().equals(e.getValue());
        }

        @Override
        public int hashCode() {
            return getKey().hashCode() ^ getValue().hashCode();
        }

        @Override
        public String toString() {
            return getKey() + "=" + getValue();
        }

        @Override
        public int compareTo(Entry<T> o) {
            return getKey().compareTo(o.getKey());
        }

    }

    // Simple tests.
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String[] samples = {
                "Some.For.Me",
                "Some.For.You",
                "Some.More",
                "Yet.More"};
        Map map = new HashMap();
        for (String s : samples) {
            map.put(s, s);
        }
        Map all = new MapFilter(map);
        Map some = new MapFilter(map, "Some.");
        Map someFor = new MapFilter(some, "For.");
        System.out.println("All: " + all);
        System.out.println("Some: " + some);
        System.out.println("Some.For: " + someFor);

        Properties props = new Properties();
        props.setProperty("namespace.prop1", "value1");
        props.setProperty("namespace.prop2", "value2");
        props.setProperty("namespace.iDontKnowThisNameAtCompileTime", "anothervalue");
        props.setProperty("someStuff.morestuff", "stuff");
        Map<String, String> filtered = new MapFilter(props, "namespace.");
        System.out.println("namespace props " + filtered);
    }

}

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