哪个是更专业的模板函数?

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在使用各种模板时:

template <class... Ts>
struct pack { };

template <class a, class b>
constexpr bool starts_with(a, b) {
    return false;
}

template <template <typename...> class PACK_A,
          template <typename...> class PACK_B, typename... Ts1, typename... Ts2>
constexpr bool starts_with(PACK_A<Ts1..., Ts2...>, PACK_B<Ts1...>) {
    return true;
}

int main() {
   std::cout << std::boolalpha;
   std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(),
                            pack<float, int, double>())        << std::endl;
   std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(),
                            pack<int, float, double, int>())   << std::endl;
   std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(),
                            pack<int, float, int>())           << std::endl;
   std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(),
                            pack<int, float, double>())        << std::endl;
   std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(),
                            pack<int>())                       << std::endl;
}

代码:http://coliru.stacked-crooked.com/a/b62fa93ea88fa25b

输出量

|---|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| # |starts_with(a, b)                  | expected    | clang (3.8) | g++ (6.1)   |
|---|-----------------------------------|-------------|-------------|-------------|
| 1 |a: pack<int, float, double>()      |  false      |  false      |  false      |
|   |b: pack<float, int, double>()      |             |             |             |
|---|-----------------------------------|-------------|-------------|--------- ---|
| 2 |a: pack<int, float, double>()      |  false      |  false      |  false      |
|   |b: pack<int, float, double, int>() |             |             |             |
|---|-----------------------------------|-------------|-------------|--------- ---|
| 3 |a: pack<int, float, double>()      |  false      |  false      |  false      |
|   |b: pack<int, float, int>()         |             |             |             |
|---|-----------------------------------|-------------|-------------|--------- ---|
| 4 |a: pack<int, float, double>()      |  true       |  true       |  false      |
|   |b: pack<int, float, double>()      |             |             |             |
|---|-----------------------------------|-------------|-------------|--------- ---|
| 5 |a: pack<int, float, double>()      |  true       |  false      |  false      |
|   |b: pack<int>()                     |             |             |             |
|---|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------|

提问于
用户回答回答于

在gcc5.3上,进行以下小的更改会导致产生预期的结果,或者至少产生与clang相同的结果。

rhodges@dingbat:~$ cat nod.cpp
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

template <class... Ts>
struct pack { };

template <class a, class b>
constexpr bool starts_with(a, b) {
    return false;
}

template <typename... Ts1, typename... Ts2 >
constexpr bool starts_with(pack<Ts1..., Ts2...>, pack<Ts1...>) {
    return true;
}

int main() {
   std::cout << std::boolalpha;
   std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(), pack<float, int, double>()) << std::endl;
   std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(), pack<int, float, double, int>()) << std::endl;
   std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(), pack<int, float, int>()) << std::endl;
   std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(), pack<int, float, double>()) << std::endl;
   std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(), pack<int>()) << std::endl;
}


rhodges@dingbat:~$ g++ -std=c++14 nod.cpp && ./a.out
false
false
false
true
false
rhodges@dingbat:~$ g++ --version
g++ (Ubuntu 5.3.1-14ubuntu2.1) 5.3.1 20160413
Copyright (C) 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

rhodges@dingbat:~$

此外,可以选择修改程序:

rhodges@dingbat:~$ cat nod.cpp
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

template <class... Ts>
struct pack { };

template <class a, class b>
constexpr bool starts_with_impl(a, b) {
    return false;
}

template<typename...LRest>
constexpr bool starts_with_impl(pack<LRest...>, pack<>)
{
    return true;
}

template<typename First, typename...LRest, typename...RRest>
constexpr bool starts_with_impl(pack<First, LRest...>, pack<First, RRest...>)
{
    return starts_with_impl(pack<LRest...>(), pack<RRest...>());
}

template <typename... Ts1, typename... Ts2 >
constexpr bool starts_with(pack<Ts2...> p1, pack<Ts1...> p2) {
    return starts_with_impl(p1, p2);
}

int main() {
    std::cout << std::boolalpha;
    std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(), pack<float, int, double>()) << std::endl;
    std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(), pack<int, float, double, int>()) << std::endl;
    std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(), pack<int, float, int>()) << std::endl;
    std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(), pack<int, float, double>()) << std::endl;
    std::cout << starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(), pack<int>()) << std::endl;
}


rhodges@dingbat:~$ g++ -std=c++14 nod.cpp && ./a.out
false
false
false
true
true

用户回答回答于

例如:

starts_with(pack<int, float, double>(), pack<int, float, double>())

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