Android “gps requires ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION” error,怎么解决?

内容来源于 Stack Overflow,并遵循CC BY-SA 3.0许可协议进行翻译与使用

  • 回答 (2)
  • 关注 (0)
  • 查看 (811)

每次运行应用程序时,都会引发SecurityException,调试器的错误如下:

java.lang.SecurityException: "gps" location provider requires ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION or ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION permission.

我的MapActivity代码:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
<uses-permission android:name="com.google.android.providers.gsf.permission.READ_GSERVICES" />
<uses-permission android:name="com.dev.cromer.jason.coverme.permission.MAPS_RECEIVE" />

<application
    android:allowBackup="true"
    android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
    android:label="@string/app_name"
    android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >
    <activity
        android:name=".MainActivity"
        android:label="@string/app_name" >
        <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
        </intent-filter>
    </activity>

    <meta-data
        android:name="com.google.android.gms.version"
        android:value="@integer/google_play_services_version" />
    <meta-data
        android:name="com.google.android.maps.v2.API_KEY"
        android:value= "@string/google_maps_key" />

    <activity
        android:name=".MapActivity"
        android:label="@string/title_activity_map" >
    </activity>
</application>

代码:

    package com.dev.cromer.jason.coverme;

import android.location.Criteria;
import android.location.Location;
import android.location.LocationListener;
import android.location.LocationManager;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;

import com.google.android.gms.common.ConnectionResult;
import com.google.android.gms.common.api.GoogleApiClient;
import com.google.android.gms.location.LocationServices;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.CameraUpdateFactory;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.GoogleMap;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.SupportMapFragment;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.LatLng;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.MarkerOptions;

public class MapActivity extends FragmentActivity implements LocationListener {

    private GoogleMap mMap; // Might be null if Google Play services APK is not available.

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_map);

        setUpMapIfNeeded();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onResume() {
        super.onResume();
        setUpMapIfNeeded();
    }



    private void setUpMapIfNeeded() {
        // Do a null check to confirm that we have not already instantiated the map.
        if (mMap == null) {
            // Try to obtain the map from the SupportMapFragment.
            mMap = ((SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager().findFragmentById(R.id.map))
                    .getMap();

            // Check if we were successful in obtaining the map.
            if (mMap != null) {
                //mMap.setMyLocationEnabled(true);
                //mMap.setOnMyLocationChangeListener(this);
                setUpMap();
            }
        }
    }


    private void setUpMap() {
        mMap.addMarker(new MarkerOptions().position(new LatLng(0, 0)).title("Marker"));
        mMap.setMyLocationEnabled(true);

        LocationManager locationManager = (LocationManager) getSystemService(LOCATION_SERVICE);

        try {
            Location myLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);

            if (myLocation != null) {
                Log.d("TAG", "Not null");
            }
            else {
                Log.d("TAG", "NULL");
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, this);
            }
        }
        catch (SecurityException se) {
            Log.d("TAG", "SE CAUGHT");
            se.printStackTrace();
        }
    }


    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
        Log.d("CHANGED", "LOCATION UPDATED");

    }

    @Override
    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {

    }
}
提问于
用户回答回答于

ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATIONACCESS_FINE_LOCATION,和WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE都是Android6.0运行时权限系统.

例如,此活动具有五个权限。四个是运行时权限,尽管它目前只处理三个(我以前写过)。WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE已添加到运行时权限名册中)。

/***
 Copyright (c) 2015 CommonsWare, LLC
 Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not
 use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy
 of the License at http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0. Unless required
 by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the
 License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS
 OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific
 language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

 From _The Busy Coder's Guide to Android Development_
 https://commonsware.com/Android
 */

package com.commonsware.android.permmonger;

import android.Manifest;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
  private static final String[] INITIAL_PERMS={
    Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION,
    Manifest.permission.READ_CONTACTS
  };
  private static final String[] CAMERA_PERMS={
    Manifest.permission.CAMERA
  };
  private static final String[] CONTACTS_PERMS={
      Manifest.permission.READ_CONTACTS
  };
  private static final String[] LOCATION_PERMS={
      Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION
  };
  private static final int INITIAL_REQUEST=1337;
  private static final int CAMERA_REQUEST=INITIAL_REQUEST+1;
  private static final int CONTACTS_REQUEST=INITIAL_REQUEST+2;
  private static final int LOCATION_REQUEST=INITIAL_REQUEST+3;
  private TextView location;
  private TextView camera;
  private TextView internet;
  private TextView contacts;
  private TextView storage;

  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.main);

    location=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.location_value);
    camera=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.camera_value);
    internet=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.internet_value);
    contacts=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.contacts_value);
    storage=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.storage_value);

    if (!canAccessLocation() || !canAccessContacts()) {
      requestPermissions(INITIAL_PERMS, INITIAL_REQUEST);
    }
  }

  @Override
  protected void onResume() {
    super.onResume();

    updateTable();
  }

  @Override
  public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.actions, menu);

    return(super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu));
  }

  @Override
  public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
    switch(item.getItemId()) {
      case R.id.camera:
        if (canAccessCamera()) {
          doCameraThing();
        }
        else {
          requestPermissions(CAMERA_PERMS, CAMERA_REQUEST);
        }
        return(true);

      case R.id.contacts:
        if (canAccessContacts()) {
          doContactsThing();
        }
        else {
          requestPermissions(CONTACTS_PERMS, CONTACTS_REQUEST);
        }
        return(true);

      case R.id.location:
        if (canAccessLocation()) {
          doLocationThing();
        }
        else {
          requestPermissions(LOCATION_PERMS, LOCATION_REQUEST);
        }
        return(true);
    }

    return(super.onOptionsItemSelected(item));
  }

  @Override
  public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions, int[] grantResults) {
    updateTable();

    switch(requestCode) {
      case CAMERA_REQUEST:
        if (canAccessCamera()) {
          doCameraThing();
        }
        else {
          bzzzt();
        }
        break;

      case CONTACTS_REQUEST:
        if (canAccessContacts()) {
          doContactsThing();
        }
        else {
          bzzzt();
        }
        break;

      case LOCATION_REQUEST:
        if (canAccessLocation()) {
          doLocationThing();
        }
        else {
          bzzzt();
        }
        break;
    }
  }

  private void updateTable() {
    location.setText(String.valueOf(canAccessLocation()));
    camera.setText(String.valueOf(canAccessCamera()));
    internet.setText(String.valueOf(hasPermission(Manifest.permission.INTERNET)));
    contacts.setText(String.valueOf(canAccessContacts()));
    storage.setText(String.valueOf(hasPermission(Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)));
  }

  private boolean canAccessLocation() {
    return(hasPermission(Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION));
  }

  private boolean canAccessCamera() {
    return(hasPermission(Manifest.permission.CAMERA));
  }

  private boolean canAccessContacts() {
    return(hasPermission(Manifest.permission.READ_CONTACTS));
  }

  private boolean hasPermission(String perm) {
    return(PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED==checkSelfPermission(perm));
  }

  private void bzzzt() {
    Toast.makeText(this, R.string.toast_bzzzt, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
  }

  private void doCameraThing() {
    Toast.makeText(this, R.string.toast_camera, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
  }

  private void doContactsThing() {
    Toast.makeText(this, R.string.toast_contacts, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
  }

  private void doLocationThing() {
    Toast.makeText(this, R.string.toast_location, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
  }
}
用户回答回答于

我的简单解决办法是

if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) ==
        PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
        ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) ==
        PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
    googleMap.setMyLocationEnabled(true);
    googleMap.getUiSettings().setMyLocationButtonEnabled(true);
} else {
    Toast.makeText(this, R.string.error_permission_map, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}

或者您可以在其他地方打开权限对话框,如下所示

} else {
   ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[] {
      Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION, 
      Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION }, 
      TAG_CODE_PERMISSION_LOCATION);
}

扫码关注云+社区