Spring:名称空间与web.xml中的contextConfigLocationinit参数?

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我正在阅读SpringMVC的文档,我有一个关于init params的问题。如果重要的话,我正在使用Spring3.2。contextConfigLocation和命名空间之间有什么区别?contextConfigLocation是否仅用于指定文件夹,其中上下文类可以找到XML定义,而命名空间属性用于指定文件名?

<servlet>
        <servlet-name>AppServlet</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>WEB-INF</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>namespace</param-name>
            <param-value>application-context.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>

这是对的吗?它应该使用/Web-INF/application-context.xml吗?你应该指定路径吗?

提问于
用户回答回答于

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee
                            http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd">

    <display-name>Spring Web Application example</display-name>

    <!-- Configurations for the root application context (parent context) -->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>
            /WEB-INF/spring/jdbc/spring-jdbc.xml
            /WEB-INF/spring/security/spring-security-context.xml
        </param-value>
    </context-param>

    <!-- Configurations for the DispatcherServlet application context (child context) -->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>spring-mvc</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>
                /WEB-INF/spring/mvc/spring-mvc-servlet.xml
            </param-value>
        </init-param>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>spring-mvc</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/admin/*</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

</web-app>

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee
                            http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd">
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>
            /WEB-INF/spring/daoContext.xml
            /WEB-INF/spring/applicationContext.xml
        </param-value>
    </context-param>
</web-app>
<web-app>

    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>golfing</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>

    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>golfing</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/golfing/*</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

</web-app>

关于contextConfigLocation和命名空间

这是从FrameworkServlet源代码:

FrameworkServlet.java

....
/**
* Suffix for WebApplicationContext namespaces. If a servlet of this class is
* given the name "test" in a context, the namespace used by the servlet will
* resolve to "test-servlet".
*/
public static final String DEFAULT_NAMESPACE_SUFFIX = "-servlet";
....

FrameworkServletXmlWebApplicationContext。从XmlWebApplicationContextAPI文档:

使用contextConfigLocation与上面示例中的根应用程序上下文相同。

XmlWebApplicationContext.java

...

/** Default config location for the root context */
public static final String DEFAULT_CONFIG_LOCATION = "/WEB-INF/applicationContext.xml";

/** Default prefix for building a config location for a namespace */
public static final String DEFAULT_CONFIG_LOCATION_PREFIX = "/WEB-INF/";

/** Default suffix for building a config location for a namespace */
public static final String DEFAULT_CONFIG_LOCATION_SUFFIX = ".xml";

...

/**
* The default location for the root context is "/WEB-INF/applicationContext.xml",
* and "/WEB-INF/test-servlet.xml" for a context with the namespace "test-servlet"
* (like for a DispatcherServlet instance with the servlet-name "test").
*/
@Override
protected String[] getDefaultConfigLocations() {
    if (getNamespace() != null) {
        return new String[] {DEFAULT_CONFIG_LOCATION_PREFIX + getNamespace() + DEFAULT_CONFIG_LOCATION_SUFFIX};
    }
    else {
        return new String[] {DEFAULT_CONFIG_LOCATION};
    }
}

指定自定义命名空间的示例

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee
                            http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd">


    <!-- Configurations for the DispatcherServlet application context (child context) -->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>spring-mvc</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>namespace</param-name>
            <param-value>spring/mvc/spring-mvc</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>spring-mvc</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

</web-app>
用户回答回答于

我唯一能找到具体答案的地方是源代码:

  • 命名空间参数设置一个自定义命名空间,用于构建违约上下文配置位置
  • ConextConfiguration参数显式地设置上下文配置位置,而不是依赖于从命名空间生成的默认位置。

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