调用wkhtmltopdf从HTML生成PDF

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我试图从HTML文件创建PDF文件。看了一下后,我发现:wkhtmltopdf是完美的。我需要从ASP.NET服务器调用这个.exe。我试过了:

    Process p = new Process();
    p.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false;
    p.StartInfo.FileName = HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("wkhtmltopdf.exe");
    p.StartInfo.Arguments = "TestPDF.htm TestPDF.pdf";
    p.Start();
    p.WaitForExit();

没有成功创建服务器上的任何文件。有人可以给我一个正确的方向指针吗?我将wkhtmltopdf.exe文件放在网站的顶级目录中。是否还有其他地方应该举办?

编辑:如果任何人有更好的解决方案,以动态创建PDF文件从HTML,请让我知道。

提问于
用户回答回答于

当我尝试在Windows服务中使用msmq时出现同样的问题,但由于某种原因它速度很慢。(过程部分)。

这是最后的工作:

private void DoDownload()
{
    var url = Request.Url.GetLeftPart(UriPartial.Authority) + "/CPCDownload.aspx?IsPDF=False?UserID=" + this.CurrentUser.UserID.ToString();
    var file = WKHtmlToPdf(url);
    if (file != null)
    {
        Response.ContentType = "Application/pdf";
        Response.BinaryWrite(file);
        Response.End();
    }
}

public byte[] WKHtmlToPdf(string url)
{
    var fileName = " - ";
    var wkhtmlDir = "C:\\Program Files\\wkhtmltopdf\\";
    var wkhtml = "C:\\Program Files\\wkhtmltopdf\\wkhtmltopdf.exe";
    var p = new Process();

    p.StartInfo.CreateNoWindow = true;
    p.StartInfo.RedirectStandardOutput = true;
    p.StartInfo.RedirectStandardError = true;
    p.StartInfo.RedirectStandardInput = true;
    p.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false;
    p.StartInfo.FileName = wkhtml;
    p.StartInfo.WorkingDirectory = wkhtmlDir;

    string switches = "";
    switches += "--print-media-type ";
    switches += "--margin-top 10mm --margin-bottom 10mm --margin-right 10mm --margin-left 10mm ";
    switches += "--page-size Letter ";
    p.StartInfo.Arguments = switches + " " + url + " " + fileName;
    p.Start();

    //read output
    byte[] buffer = new byte[32768];
    byte[] file;
    using(var ms = new MemoryStream())
    {
        while(true)
        {
            int read =  p.StandardOutput.BaseStream.Read(buffer, 0,buffer.Length);

            if(read <=0)
            {
                break;
            }
            ms.Write(buffer, 0, read);
        }
        file = ms.ToArray();
    }

    // wait or exit
    p.WaitForExit(60000);

    // read the exit code, close process
    int returnCode = p.ExitCode;
    p.Close();

    return returnCode == 0 ? file : null;
}
用户回答回答于

更新: 我的答案如下,在磁盘上创建PDF文件。然后我将该文件作为下载流式传输到用户浏览器。考虑使用类似下面的Hath的回答来获得wkhtml2pdf输出到一个流,然后直接发送给用户,这将绕过文件许可等许多问题。

我的原始答案: 确保你已经为你的服务器上运行的IIS的ASP.NET进程可写的PDF指定了一个输出路径(通常我认为是NETWORK_SERVICE)。

我看起来像这样(和它的工作原理):

/// <summary>
/// Convert Html page at a given URL to a PDF file using open-source tool wkhtml2pdf
/// </summary>
/// <param name="Url"></param>
/// <param name="outputFilename"></param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static bool HtmlToPdf(string Url, string outputFilename)
{
    // assemble destination PDF file name
    string filename = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["ExportFilePath"] + "\\" + outputFilename + ".pdf";

    // get proj no for header
    Project project = new Project(int.Parse(outputFilename));

    var p = new System.Diagnostics.Process();
    p.StartInfo.FileName = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["HtmlToPdfExePath"];

    string switches = "--print-media-type ";
    switches += "--margin-top 4mm --margin-bottom 4mm --margin-right 0mm --margin-left 0mm ";
    switches += "--page-size A4 ";
    switches += "--no-background ";
    switches += "--redirect-delay 100";

    p.StartInfo.Arguments = switches + " " + Url + " " + filename;

    p.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false; // needs to be false in order to redirect output
    p.StartInfo.RedirectStandardOutput = true;
    p.StartInfo.RedirectStandardError = true;
    p.StartInfo.RedirectStandardInput = true; // redirect all 3, as it should be all 3 or none
    p.StartInfo.WorkingDirectory = StripFilenameFromFullPath(p.StartInfo.FileName);

    p.Start();

    // read the output here...
    string output = p.StandardOutput.ReadToEnd(); 

    // ...then wait n milliseconds for exit (as after exit, it can't read the output)
    p.WaitForExit(60000); 

    // read the exit code, close process
    int returnCode = p.ExitCode;
    p.Close(); 

    // if 0 or 2, it worked (not sure about other values, I want a better way to confirm this)
    return (returnCode == 0 || returnCode == 2);
}

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