如何使用@PathVariable对SpringMVC控制器进行单元测试?

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我有一个简单的带注释的控制器,类似于这个:

@Controller
public class MyController {
  @RequestMapping("/{id}.html")
  public String doSomething(@PathVariable String id, Model model) {
    // do something
    return "view";
  }
}

我想用这样的单元测试来测试它:

public class MyControllerTest {
  @Test
  public void test() {
    MockHttpServletRequest request = new MockHttpServletRequest();
    request.setRequestURI("/test.html");
    new AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter()
      .handle(request, new MockHttpServletResponse(), new MyController());
    // assert something
  }
}

问题是AnnotationMethod HandlerAdapter.handler()方法抛出一个异常:

java.lang.IllegalStateException: Could not find @PathVariable [id] in @RequestMapping
at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter$ServletHandlerMethodInvoker.resolvePathVariable(AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter.java:642)
at org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.support.HandlerMethodInvoker.resolvePathVariable(HandlerMethodInvoker.java:514)
at org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.support.HandlerMethodInvoker.resolveHandlerArguments(HandlerMethodInvoker.java:262)
at org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.support.HandlerMethodInvoker.invokeHandlerMethod(HandlerMethodInvoker.java:146)
提问于
用户回答回答于

在Spring3.2中,有一种正确的方法来测试这个问题:

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@WebAppConfiguration
@ContextConfiguration("servlet-context.xml")
public class SampleTests {

  @Autowired
  private WebApplicationContext wac;

  private MockMvc mockMvc;

  @Before
  public void setup() {
    this.mockMvc = webAppContextSetup(this.wac).build();
  }

  @Test
  public void getFoo() throws Exception {
    this.mockMvc.perform(get("/foo").accept("application/json"))
        .andExpect(status().isOk())
        .andExpect(content().mimeType("application/json"))
        .andExpect(jsonPath("$.name").value("Lee"));
  }
}
用户回答回答于
import static org.springframework.test.web.ModelAndViewAssert.*;

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration({/* include live config here
    e.g. "file:web/WEB-INF/application-context.xml",
    "file:web/WEB-INF/dispatcher-servlet.xml" */})
public class MyControllerIntegrationTest {

    @Inject
    private ApplicationContext applicationContext;

    private MockHttpServletRequest request;
    private MockHttpServletResponse response;
    private HandlerAdapter handlerAdapter;
    private MyController controller;

    @Before
    public void setUp() {
       request = new MockHttpServletRequest();
       response = new MockHttpServletResponse();
       handlerAdapter = applicationContext.getBean(HandlerAdapter.class);
       // I could get the controller from the context here
       controller = new MyController();
    }

    @Test
    public void testDoSomething() throws Exception {
       request.setRequestURI("/test.html");
       final ModelAndView mav = handlerAdapter.handle(request, response, 
           controller);
       assertViewName(mav, "view");
       // assert something
    }
}

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