Pycrypto安装致命错误:找不到gmp.h文件

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似乎有很多人遇到了类似的问题,但是经过大量搜索后,我无法找到适用于我的特定架构的解决方案。我试图安装Pycrypto(作为Fabric的子公司)无济于事。

我正在运行Mac 10.8.2,通过Homebrew运行Python 2.7.3,以及使用pip或easy_install进行安装(我已经尝试了两种方式)。从我所知道的问题来看,问题可能与我的XCode版本有关,也可能与我的库有关。XCode的命令行工具已经安装,我试过放置setenv ARCHFLAGS "-arch i386 -arch x86_64"在我的.cshrc文件中。我也试过了ln -s /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer /Developer。至于图书馆,我试图通过链接他们ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgmp.dylib /usr/lib/libgmp.dylib- 但也没有工作。

无论我尝试什么角度,错误总是相同的(见下文)。任何和所有的帮助,将不胜感激。

/usr/local/share/python% pip install pycrypto
Downloading/unpacking pycrypto
  Running setup.py egg_info for package pycrypto

Installing collected packages: pycrypto
  Running setup.py install for pycrypto
    building 'Crypto.PublicKey._fastmath' extension
    /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/clang -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -dynamic -arch i386 -arch x86_64 -pipe -mmacosx-version-min=10.8 -isysroot /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.8.sdk -Wno-unused-value -Wno-empty-body -Qunused-arguments -fwrapv -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -std=c99 -O3 -fomit-frame-pointer -Isrc/ -I/usr/include/ -I/usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.3/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/include/python2.7 -c src/_fastmath.c -o build/temp.macosx-10.8-intel-2.7/src/_fastmath.o
src/_fastmath.c:36:11: fatal error: 'gmp.h' file not found
# include <gmp.h>
          ^
1 error generated.
error: command '/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/clang' failed with exit status 1
Complete output from command /usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.3/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Resources/Python.app/Contents/MacOS/Python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/var/folders/ym/v8l23q_x2xz_qhx3m84n6ym00005fr/T/pip-build/pycrypto/setup.py';exec(compile(open(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /var/folders/ym/v8l23q_x2xz_qhx3m84n6ym00005fr/T/pip-Xb7nGV-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed:
running install

running build

running build_py

running build_ext

running build_configure

building 'Crypto.PublicKey._fastmath' extension

/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/clang -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -dynamic -arch i386 -arch x86_64 -pipe -mmacosx-version-min=10.8 -isysroot /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.8.sdk -Wno-unused-value -Wno-empty-body -Qunused-arguments -fwrapv -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -std=c99 -O3 -fomit-frame-pointer -Isrc/ -I/usr/include/ -I/usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.3/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/include/python2.7 -c src/_fastmath.c -o build/temp.macosx-10.8-intel-2.7/src/_fastmath.o

src/_fastmath.c:36:11: fatal error: 'gmp.h' file not found

# include <gmp.h>

      ^

1 error generated.

error: command '/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain    /usr/bin/clang' failed with exit status 1

----------------------------------------
Command /usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.3/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Resources/Python.app/Contents/MacOS/Python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/var/folders/ym/v8l23q_x2xz_qhx3m84n6ym00005fr/T/pip-build/pycrypto/setup.py';exec(compile(open(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /var/folders/ym/v8l23q_x2xz_qhx3m84n6ym00005fr/T/pip-Xb7nGV-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed failed with error code 1 in /var/folders/ym/v8l23q_x2xz_qhx3m84n6ym00005fr/T/pip-build/pycrypto
Storing complete log in /Users/me/.pip/pip.log

当我尝试调用Fabric时发生错误:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/local/share/python/fab", line 5, in <module>
from pkg_resources import load_entry_point
  File "/usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.3/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/site-packages/distribute-0.6.28-py2.7.egg/pkg_resources.py", line 2815, in <module>
working_set.require(__requires__)
  File "/usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.3/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/site-packages/distribute-0.6.28-py2.7.egg/pkg_resources.py", line 690, in require
needed = self.resolve(parse_requirements(requirements))
  File "/usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.3/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/site-packages/distribute-0.6.28-py2.7.egg/pkg_resources.py", line 588, in resolve
raise DistributionNotFound(req)
pkg_resources.DistributionNotFound: pycrypto>=2.1,!=2.4
提问于
用户回答回答于

我能够使用以下命令来安装PyCrypto:

CFLAGS=-I/opt/local/include pip install pycrypto

我通过MacPorts安装GMP,在python.org上使用Python 2.7.2在OSX 10.8.3上运行。在这种情况下,我正在安装到virtualenv中。

当使用PyCrypto时,我会收到以下警告,但它仍然有效:

/Users/me/.virtualenvs/blah/lib/python2.7/site-packages/Crypto/Util/number.py:57: PowmInsecureWarning: Not using mpz_powm_sec.  You should rebuild using libgmp >= 5 to avoid timing attack vulnerability.
  _warn("Not using mpz_powm_sec.  You should rebuild using libgmp >= 5 to avoid timing attack vulnerability.", PowmInsecureWarning)
用户回答回答于

如果你使用Homebrew,这应该可以做到这一点:

brew install gmp
env "CFLAGS=-I/usr/local/include -L/usr/local/lib" pip install pycrypto

使用env将保证它仅在这次工作。如果您需要稍后在另一个会话中安装pycrypto,请改为输出该变量。

export "CFLAGS=-I/usr/local/include -L/usr/local/lib" 
pip install pycrypto

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