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Arduino是什么样的单片机?

1. Arduino

1.1. Arduino 简介

Read an introduction on what is Arduino and why you'd want to use it.

阅读一个关于“什么是Arduino的?”和“为什么你会想使用它?”的介绍。

1.2. What is Arduino?

Arduino is an open-source electronics platform based on easy-to-use hardware and software. Arduino boards are able to read inputs - light on a sensor, a finger on a button, or a Twitter message - and turn it into an output - activating a motor, turning on an LED, publishing something online. You can tell your board what to do by sending a set of instructions to the microcontroller on the board. To do so you use the Arduino programming language (based on Wiring), and the Arduino Software (IDE), based on Processing.

Arduino是一个基于易于使用的硬件和软件的开源电子平台。 Arduino开发板能够读取输入(光线传感器,用手指按按钮或Twitter消息)并将其转换为输出(启动电动机,打开LED、在线发布内容)。您可以通过向开发板上的微控制器发送一组指令来告诉它该怎么做。为此您可以使用Arduino编程语言(在连线设计的基础上)和Arduino软件(IDE)(基于编程环境的处理)。

Over the years Arduino has been the brain of thousands of projects, from everyday objects to complex scientific instruments. A worldwide community of makers - students, hobbyists, artists, programmers, and professionals - has gathered around this open-source platform, their contributions have added up to an incredible amount of accessible knowledge that can be of great help to novices and experts alike.

多年来,Arduino一直是成千上万个项目的大脑,从日常对象到复杂的科学仪器。一个由开发人员,学生,业余爱好者,艺术家,程序员和专业人士组成的全球性社区,已经聚集在这个开源平台周围,他们的贡献已经积累了令人难以置信的可访问性知识,对新手和专家都可以提供极大的帮助。

Arduino was born at the Ivrea Interaction Design Institute as an easy tool for fast prototyping, aimed at students without a background in electronics and programming. As soon as it reached a wider community, the Arduino board started changing to adapt to new needs and challenges, differentiating its offer from simple 8-bit boards to products for IoT applications, wearable, 3D printing, and embedded environments. All Arduino boards are completely open-source, empowering users to build them independently and eventually adapt them to their particular needs. The software, too, is open-source, and it is growing through the contributions of users worldwide.

Arduino出生于Ivrea交互设计学院,是一种用于快速制作原型的简便工具,主要面向没有电子和编程背景的学生。Arduino板一旦进入更广泛的社区,便开始进行更改以适应新的需求和挑战,将其产品从简单的8位板扩展到IoT应用,可穿戴,3D打印和嵌入式环境的产品。所有Arduino开发板都是完全开源的,使用户能够独立构建它们,并最终使它们适应其特定需求。该软件也是开源的,并且通过全球用户的贡献而不断发展。

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  • 原文链接https://kuaibao.qq.com/s/20200401A0GY5000?refer=cp_1026
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