HDU-1520 Anniversary party(树形DP)

Anniversary party

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others) Memory Limit: 65536/32768 K (Java/Others) Total Submission(s): 7566 Accepted Submission(s): 3321

Problem Description There is going to be a party to celebrate the 80-th Anniversary of the Ural State University. The University has a hierarchical structure of employees. It means that the supervisor relation forms a tree rooted at the rector V. E. Tretyakov. In order to make the party funny for every one, the rector does not want both an employee and his or her immediate supervisor to be present. The personnel office has evaluated conviviality of each employee, so everyone has some number (rating) attached to him or her. Your task is to make a list of guests with the maximal possible sum of guests’ conviviality ratings.

Input Employees are numbered from 1 to N. A first line of input contains a number N. 1 <= N <= 6 000. Each of the subsequent N lines contains the conviviality rating of the corresponding employee. Conviviality rating is an integer number in a range from -128 to 127. After that go T lines that describe a supervisor relation tree. Each line of the tree specification has the form: L K It means that the K-th employee is an immediate supervisor of the L-th employee. Input is ended with the line 0 0

Output Output should contain the maximal sum of guests’ ratings.

Sample Input 7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 3 6 4 7 4 4 5 3 5 0 0

Sample Output 5

Source 这道题目和这一道几乎一样的, http://blog.csdn.net/dacc123/article/details/50354675 换汤不换药, 看懂了这篇博客的代码,这题自然就会了

#include <iostream>
#include <string.h>
#include <algorithm>
#include <math.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

using namespace std;
#define MAX 6000
struct Node
{
    int value;
    int next;
}edge[MAX*2+5];
int tag[MAX+5];
int dp[MAX+5][2];
int n;
int root;
int tot;
int rat[MAX+5];
int head[MAX+5];
int vis[MAX+5];
void add(int x,int y)
{
    edge[tot].value=y;
    edge[tot].next=head[x];
    head[x]=tot++;
}
void dfs(int root)
{

    dp[root][1]=rat[root];
    dp[root][0]=0;
    vis[root]=1;
    for(int i=head[root];i!=-1;i=edge[i].next)
    {
        int k=edge[i].value;
        if(!vis[k])
        {
            dfs(k);
            dp[root][1]+=dp[k][0];
            dp[root][0]+=max(dp[k][0],dp[k][1]);
        }
    }


}
int main()
{
    int a,b;
    while(scanf("%d",&n)!=EOF)
    {
        tot=0;
        memset(head,-1,sizeof(head));
        memset(dp,0,sizeof(dp));
        memset(vis,0,sizeof(vis));
        memset(tag,0,sizeof(tag));
        for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
        {
            scanf("%d",&rat[i]);
        }
        scanf("%d%d",&a,&b);
        while(a!=0&&b!=0)
        {
            tag[a]=1;
            add(b,a);
            add(a,b);
            scanf("%d%d",&a,&b);
        }
        for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
        {
            if(tag[i]==0)
            {
              root=i;
              break;
            }
        }
        dfs(root);
        printf("%d\n",max(dp[root][0],dp[root][1]));
    }
    return 0;
}

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