Linux CentOS 6.5 + Apache + Mariadb + PHP环境搭建

Web自动化测试-服务端测试环境部署

by:授客

目录

一、 安装数据库... 2

二、 数据库配置... 2

三、 创建数据库及数据表... 2

四、 插入基础数据... 5

五、 安装Apache. 5

六、 配置与启动Apache. 6

七、 安装php. 7

八、 配置php. 9

九、 部署php代码文件... 10

十、 安装及配置vsftpd服务器... 12

操作系统环境:CentOS 6.5-x86_64

下载地址:http://www.centoscn.com/CentosSoft/iso/2013/1205/2196.html

注:安装时选择以Basic Server的方式安装

Mariadb下载地址

http://mirrors.opencas.cn/mariadb/mariadb-5.5.45/yum/centos6-amd64/rpms/

Apache下载地址

http://httpd.apache.org/download.cgi#apache24

pcre下载地址

http://pcre.org/

apr下载地址

http://mirrors.cnnic.cn/apache/apr/

apr-util下载地址

http://mirrors.cnnic.cn/apache/

libxml2下载地址

http://download.chinaunix.net/download/0007000/6095.shtml

php下载地址

http://php.net/downloads.php#v5.6.12

文件列表如下:

网盘统一下载地址:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1sj1Lzw5

一、安装数据库

安装Mysql、Mariadb(笔者选择安装的是Mariadb 5.5.45

需要下载的rpm包如下

[root@localhost mnt]# ls | grep rpm

MariaDB-5.5.45-centos6-x86_64-client.rpm

MariaDB-5.5.45-centos6-x86_64-common.rpm

MariaDB-5.5.45-centos6-x86_64-compat.rpm

MariaDB-5.5.45-centos6-x86_64-devel.rpm

MariaDB-5.5.45-centos6-x86_64-server.rpm

MariaDB-5.5.45-centos6-x86_64-shared.rpm

MariaDB-5.5.45-centos6-x86_64-test.rpm

安装Mariadb

[root@localhost mnt]# rpm -iUvh MariaDB-*.rpm

二、数据库配置

参考文章“MariaDB Centos7 下安装MariaDB

三、创建数据库及数据表

建库:

CREATE DATABASE `1dcq`

建表:

CREATE TABLE `pagesobject` (

`Id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,

`P_Id` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,

`PageName` varchar(255) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',

`Html_open` varchar(10) DEFAULT 'true',

`PageDesc` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL,

`isParent` tinyint(2) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '如果是0表示文件夹,是1表示1个页面',

PRIMARY KEY (`Id`)

) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=257 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

CREATE TABLE `page_elements` (

`Id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,

`PageId` smallint(6) DEFAULT NULL,

`FieldOrder` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,

`ElementName` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL,

`ElementSelector` varchar(300) DEFAULT NULL,

`ElementSelector02` varchar(300) DEFAULT NULL,

PRIMARY KEY (`Id`)

) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=67 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

CREATE TABLE `runtptask` (

`runClientId` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,

`tpid` varchar(11) DEFAULT NULL,

`isRunning` int(11) unsigned zerofill DEFAULT '00000000000',

`runClientPCName` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL,

`runClientPCIP` varchar(50) DEFAULT NULL,

`lastRunTime` datetime DEFAULT NULL,

PRIMARY KEY (`runClientId`)

) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

CREATE TABLE `testcases` (

`id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,

`p_id` int(11) NOT NULL,

`test_name` varchar(255) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',

`Html_open` varchar(10) DEFAULT 'true',

`checked` varchar(8) DEFAULT NULL,

`testModule_name` varchar(255) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',

`test_desc` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`testdataParas` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`testdata_isexist` varchar(10) DEFAULT NULL,

`isTestCase` tinyint(1) DEFAULT '0',

`compFolderid` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,

PRIMARY KEY (`id`)

) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=8 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

CREATE TABLE `testcases_steps` (

`Id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,

`TestcaseID` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL,

`ElementId` varchar(50) DEFAULT NULL,

`Command` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`InParas` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`OutParas` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`StepOrder` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,

`compFolderid` int(11) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '测试步骤中插入的操作组件的父级id',

`compid` int(11) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '测试步骤中插入的操作组件的id',

PRIMARY KEY (`Id`)

) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=679 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

CREATE TABLE `tc_ele_command` (

`id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,

`commandName` varchar(50) CHARACTER SET utf8 DEFAULT NULL,

`commandPara` varchar(60) CHARACTER SET utf8 DEFAULT NULL,

PRIMARY KEY (`id`)

) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=14 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 COLLATE=utf8_unicode_ci

CREATE TABLE `testcase_runround` (

`id` int(255) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,

`test_round_name` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`testset_list` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`tcfolder_tc_list` varchar(2000) DEFAULT NULL,

`testcase_list` varchar(1000) DEFAULT NULL,

`round_desc` varchar(25) DEFAULT NULL,

`testplan_file` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`runningTestPlanUrl` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL,

`browserRuningDrivers` varchar(20) DEFAULT NULL,

`latelyRuningTime` datetime DEFAULT NULL,

`onlyOneRuning_tc_list` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`project_name` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`project_version` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`project_id` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

PRIMARY KEY (`id`)

) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=3 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

CREATE TABLE `testreporter` (

`Id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,

`testplanId` varchar(255) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',

`testcaseList` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`testcasedataGroup` tinyint(3) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '--无用列',

`tpRunedtcs` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '此轮执行的测试用例',

`tpRunnedHistoryId` bigint(50) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '运行历史id,后续自动清除大于2天的报告',

`onTime` datetime DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '发生的时间',

PRIMARY KEY (`Id`)

) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=5 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

CREATE TABLE `tprunnedhistory` (

`id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,

`tpId` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`tpRunnedHistoryId` bigint(50) DEFAULT NULL,

`willRunningTestcaseList` varchar(1000) DEFAULT NULL,

`runPassedTc_count` int(11) DEFAULT '0',

`runPassedTc` varchar(1000) DEFAULT '',

`runFailedTc` varchar(1000) DEFAULT '',

`tpRunnedHistoryNotes` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL,

`onTime` datetime DEFAULT NULL,

PRIMARY KEY (`id`)

) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=5 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

CREATE TABLE `tcrunnedhistory` (

`id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,

`tpId` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,

`tpRunnedHistoryId` bigint(50) DEFAULT NULL,

`willRunningTestcaseList` varchar(1000) DEFAULT NULL,

`runPassedTc_count` int(11) DEFAULT '0',

`runPassedTc` varchar(1000) DEFAULT '',

`runFailedTc` varchar(1000) DEFAULT '',

`tpRunnedHistoryNotes` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL,

`onTime` datetime DEFAULT NULL,

PRIMARY KEY (`id`)

) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=5 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

四、插入基础数据

INSERT INTO `pagesobject`(P_id, test_name) VALUES(1, '根目录');

INSERT INTO `testcases`(p_id, test_name) VALUES(0, '根目录');

五、安装Apache

安装gcc-c++

[root@localhost mnt]# yum install gcc-c++

安装apr

[root@localhost mnt]# tar -xvzf apr-1.5.2.tar.gz

[root@localhost mnt]# cd apr-1.5.2

[root@localhost apr-1.5.2]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr

[root@localhost apr-1.5.2]# make && make install

安装apr-util

[root@localhost mnt]# tar -xvzf apr-util-1.5.4.tar.gz

[root@localhost apr-util-1.5.4]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-util --with-apr=/usr/local/apr

[root@localhost apr-util-1.5.4]# make && make install

安装pcre

[root@localhost mnt]# tar -xvzf pcre-8.36.tar.gz

[root@localhost mnt]# cd pcre-8.36

[root@localhost pcre-8.36]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pcre

……

[root@localhost pcre-8.36]#make && make install

安装Apache

[root@localhost tmp]# tar -xzvf httpd-2.4.16.tar.gz

[root@localhost tmp]# cd httpd-2.4.16

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.16]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --with-apr=/usr/local/apr --with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util --with-pcre=/usr/local/pcre

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.16]# make && make install

可在httpd.conf中进行一些自定义配置

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.16]# vim /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

六、配置与启动Apache

编辑httpd.conf,设置'ServerName':把ServerName www.example.com:80改成自己需要的(可先注释,然后新增一行

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.16]# vim /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

如果未配置,启动时会报如下错误:

AH00558: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using localhost.localdomain. Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to suppress this message

启动

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.16]# /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl -k start

注:停止Apache

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.16]# /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl -k stop

防火墙开放80端口

[root@localhost tmp]# iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT

[root@localhost tmp]# services iptables save

-bash: services: command not found

[root@localhost tmp]# service iptables save

iptables: Saving firewall rules to /etc/sysconfig/iptables:[ OK ]

[root@localhost tmp]# service iptables reload

iptables: Trying to reload firewall rules: [ OK ]

注意:不开放端口的话,访问http://192.168.30.80,可能会访问不了

浏览器访问http://192.168.30.80,可以访问了,OK

参考连接:

http://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/

七、安装php

安装函数依赖模块

[root@localhost tmp]# rpm -iUvh php-common-5.3.3-40.el6_6.x86_64.rpm

warning: php-common-5.3.3-40.el6_6.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID c105b9de: NOKEY

Preparing... ########################################### [100%]

1:php-common ########################################### [100%]

[root@localhost tmp]# rpm -iUvh php-mbstring-5.3.3-40.el6_6.x86_64.rpm

warning: php-mbstring-5.3.3-40.el6_6.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID c105b9de: NOKEY

Preparing... ########################################### [100%]

1:php-mbstring ########################################### [100%]

[root@localhost tmp]#

安装libxml2

[root@localhost mnt]# tar -xvzf libxml2-2.6.27.tar.gz

[root@localhost mnt]# cd libxml2-2.6.27

[root@localhost libxml2-2.6.27]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libxml12

[root@localhost libxml2-2.6.27]# make && make install

注:

1.如果mysql是源码包安装的,加--with-mysql=mysql_installation_path

2.如果未安装libxml2,可能报如下错误:

configure: error: xml2-config not found. Please check your libxml2 installation.

安装php

[root@localhost mnt]# tar -xvzf php-5.6.12.tar.gz

[root@localhost tmp]#cd php-5.6.12

[root@localhost php-5.6.12]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs --with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/libxml12/ --with-mysql --enable-mbstring=all

注:

1、如果mysql是以rpm宝的形式安装的,直接--with-mysql,如果是源码包安装的,--with-mysql=mysql_installation_path,,笔者实践发现,没加--with-mysql,安装后不能加载mysql.dll

2、带--enable-mbstring=all是因为提供PHP框架需要使用该模块

说明:编译php时,可能还会遇到如下错误

Sorry, I cannot run apxs. ***

Sorry, I cannot run apxs. Possible reasons follow:

1. Perl is not installed

2. apxs was not found. Try to pass the path using --with-apxs2=/path/to/apxs

3. Apache was not built using --enable-so (the apxs usage page is displayed)

解决方法:将apxs所在目录(例中为/usr/local/apache/bin/)添加到PATH环境变量,并使环境变量生效即可。

八、配置php

[root@localhost php-5.6.12]# cp php.ini.dist /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini

注:如果没有php.ini.dist 则把php.ini-development php.ini-production中的任何一个重命名为php.ini.dist即可

配置 httpd.conf 让apache支持PHP

# vim /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

找到 AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz ,然后添加如下带背景颜色的内容(.前面有空格)

#################Added by laiyu##################

AddType application/x-httpd-php .php

AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

#################################################

#AddType application/x-gzip .tgz

修改改配置文件php.ini

首先要确保php.ini中extension_dir 为php扩展所在目录,然后找到如下内容

;extension=php_mysql.dll

;extension=php_mysqli.dll

把前面的分号去掉,改成如下,保存,重启Apache:

extension=php_mysql.dll

extension=php_mysqli.dll

注意:如果这里不修改,可能会导致无法连接mysql,类似如下,查看apahce日志,

[root@localhost logs]# cat error.log

[Sat Aug 22 01:11:50.502345 2015] [:error] [pid 28567:tid 140674563237632] [client 192.168.40.74:64189] PHP Fatal error: Call to undefined function mysql_connect() in /usr/local/apache/htdocs/1dcq/connect.php on line 9, referer: http://192.168.40.80/1dcq/framework/pagesObject.php

找到如下代码,去掉前面的分号,即取消注释,加载该模块。

; extension=php_mbstring.dll

找到display_errors = On,修改为display_errors = Off

重启Apache

[root@localhost php-5.6.12]# /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl stop

[root@localhost php-5.6.12]# /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start

测试php是否成功安装

写一个php测试页info.php,放到Apache的htdocs目录下。

在浏览器中输入:服务器地址/info.php,如:http://192.168.30.80/info.php

如果可看到php版本,系统等相关信息则表示成功了

参考连接:

http://php.net/manual/zh/install.unix.apache.php

九、部署php代码文件

安装好后,可以把PHP代码“framework.zip”解压源码“framework.zip”解压,放入到/usr/local/apache/htdocs/目录下,编辑connect.php,进行相关配置

[root@localhost tmp]# unzip framework.zip

[root@localhost tmp]# mv 1dcq/ /usr/local/apache/htdocs/

访问查看

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