原创译文 | 未来几年中国可能会引领人工智能研究领域

导读:

据商业分析公司Elsevier今天发布的一份报告显示,如果目前的趋势持续下去,中国将在未来四年内在人工智能研究论文产量上超过欧洲。

(文末更多往期译文推荐)

该报告发现,美国是谷歌、亚马逊和Facebook等科技巨头的所在地,已经成功吸引了人工智能方面的顶尖人才。它还表明,美国的研究正在从大学科技公司的学术环境转向研究运营。

报告称,中国在2004年发表的论文总数中开始超过美国的研究。

报告指出:“中国渴望在全球范围内引领人工智能,并得到雄心勃勃的国家政策的支持。” “中国人工智能研究人员的净脑获益也表明了一个有吸引力的研究环境。中国的人工智能专注于计算机视觉,没有专门的自然语言处理和知识表示集群,包括语音识别,可能是因为中国的这类研究是由那些可能不会发表许多科学文章的公司进行的。”

除了百度和腾讯等公司不断增长的研究外,中国还是地球上资金最充足的人工智能公司的所在地。

例如,本周早些时候,有消息称Face ++母公司Megvii正在寻求以35亿美元的估值再筹集5亿美元。

除了今日未来研究所的报告和年度互联网趋势报告,该报告描绘了来自中国的人工智能主导地位,技术名人如李开复博士和前百度首席运营官齐鲁也预测了未来几年中国的人工智能举措将超过世界其他地区,他们曾在美国和中国的顶级科技公司担任领导职务。

报告发现,尽管已发表的论文总数众多,但中国的人工智能研究论文并没有在同行中引起太多的引用,这种趋势可能是区域性而非全球性的征兆。

在全球范围内,过去五年中发表的AI研究论文数量增加了12.9%,而Arxiv在核心AI主题领域的预印本,如自然语言处理和计算机视觉,在过去五年中增长了37%。

印度目前在人工智能研究论文的产量中排名第三,仅次于美国和中国。德国和日本在人工智能研究论文产量方面排名世界第五和第六,而伊朗排在第九位,与法国和加拿大等国家并列。

同时,出现最高增长水平的出版物类别包括机器学习和概率推理,计算机视觉和神经网络。

据报道,欧洲目前被认为是一个目前在人工智能相关的学术产出方面处于领先地位的地区。

去年由风险投资公司Atomico发布的年度欧洲技术状态报告敦促该地区的科技部门和研究机构之间建立更紧密的联系,以便与中国和美国竞争。

原文

China could lead world in AI research in coming years, Elsevier report finds

China will overtake Europe in artificial intelligence research paper output within the next four years if current trends continue, according to a report released today by business analytics company Elsevier.

The report found that the U.S., home to tech giants like Google, Amazon, and Facebook, has succeeded in attracting the top talent in artificial intelligence. It also shows that research in the U.S. is shifting from academic settings to research operations within large tech companies.

China started to outpace research from the United States in total number of papers published in 2004, the report said.

“China aspires to lead globally in AI and is supported by ambitious national policies,” the report reads. “A net brain gain of AI researchers in China also suggests an attractive research environment. China’s AI focuses on computer vision and does not have a dedicated natural language processing and knowledge representation cluster, including speech recognition, possibly because this type of research in China is conducted by corporations that may not publish as many scientific articles.”

In addition to a growing body of research from companies like Baidu and Tencent, China is home to some of the best-funded AI companies on Earth.

Earlier this week, for example, news emerged that Face++ parent company Megvii is reportedly looking to raise an additional $500 million at a $3.5 billion valuation.

In addition to reports from Future Today Institute and the annual Internet Trends Report that chart growing AI dominance from China, tech luminaries like Dr. Kai-Fu Lee and former Baidu COO Qi Lu — who have spent time in leadership positions at top tech companies in the U.S. and China — have predicted that Chinese AI initiatives will overtake those in other parts of the world in the years ahead.

Despite the total number of papers published, Chinese AI research papers have not seen as much citation among peers, a trend that could be a symptom of regional rather than global reach, the report found.

Globally, the number of AI research papers published has increased 12.9 percent in the past five years, while Arxiv preprints in core AI subject areas, like natural language processing and computer vision, has grown 37 percent in the past five years.

India is currently third in the output of AI research papers, behind the U.S. and China. Germany and Japan rank fifth and sixth worldwide in AI research paper output, while Iran, in ninth place, ranks alongside countries like France and Canada.

Publication categories that have seen the highest level of growth in that period include machine learning and probabilistic reasoning, computer vision, and neural networks.

When considered as a region, Europe currently leads the world in scholarly output related to artificial intelligence, according to the report.

The annual State of European Tech report released last year by venture capital firm Atomico urged greater connections between the region’s tech sector and research institutions in order to compete with China and the United States.

文章编辑:思加

原文发布于微信公众号 - 灯塔大数据(DTbigdata)

原文发表时间:2018-12-12

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