解决Boost库链接出错问题

安装完最新的Boost库

官方说明中有一句话:

Finally,

$ ./b2 install

will leave Boost binaries in the lib/ subdirectory of your installation prefix. You will also find a copy of the Boost headers in the include/ subdirectory of the installation prefix, so you can henceforth use that directory as an #include path in place of the Boost root directory.

大部分Boost库无需动态或静态编译链接,小部分如regex   thread   coroutine之类的库在编译自己的源代码时需要加入链接提示

比如在编译使用regex的库时命令如下:

c++ -I /usr/local/include/boost/ main.cpp -o test1 -L /usr/local/lib -lboost_regex

完成后运行时:

LD_LIBRARY_PATH="/usr/local/lib" ./test1   

否则会报错:

error while loading shared libraries: libboost_regex.so.1.64.0: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

这个错误在stackoverflow上给的解释是:

The library cannot be found. Libraries are by default looked for in /lib/usr/lib and the directories specified by /etc/ld.so.conf. Usually system libraries (like boost, if you installed it via your package manager) are located in /usr/lib, but it's probably not your case. Where are your boost libraries located on your system? Did you compile them by yourself? In this case you should tell the dynamic linker to look for your libraries in the directory they're located by using the LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable: LD_LIBRARY_PATH="your/boost/directory" ./testfgci I'd suggest you to install boost libraries using your package manager, anyway, this will make your life a lot simpler.

也就是说系统在运行程序时要先加载动态库,系统的搜寻目录在/etc/ld.so.conf或者/etc/ld.so.conf.d/*.conf中,而该目录中没有链接库所在的位置,要在该文件中手动加入目录地址或者在运行程序之前指定LD_LIBRARY_PATH的值

这样才能正确识别动态库

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更新:

一个更方便的方法是在IDE的environment variable中添加LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib

然后运行即可,要不然只能使用terminal来运行

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